Look for mixes that contain young, sweet leaves from a variety of tender lettuces—maybe a bit of curly endive for texture, some peppery watercress or arugula for bite, and a few herbs. Alternate Name: Speckled trout lettuce, Thorburn's orchid lettuce. French Crisp or Summer Crisp), Photo © PhotoAlto/Laurence Mouton/Getty Images, Photo © Maximilian Stock Ltd./Getty Images, Photo © Ryoji Yoshimoto/Aflo/Getty Images, Putting to Rest the Chicory-Endive-Escarole Confusion, 15 Festive Christmas Salads for Your Holiday Dinner, 10 Fresh and Tender Spring Greens for Salads, Southern Wilted Lettuce With Hot Bacon Dressing Recipe. Looseleaf Lettuces are colorful, easy, and fast-growing lettuce varieties. A prime example of a crisphead is iceberg lettuce: its round head is made up of tightly packed, crunchy leaves. Little Gems are especially delicious with thinly sliced radishes or spears of gently steamed asparagus. How long does hydroponic lettuce take to grow? The bright green leaves are tart and quite lemony. While a popular way to eat endive is slowly and carefully braised to caramelized brown perfection, endive also adds a solid crunch to any salad, whether on its own or mixed with other greens. Lettuce of any kind harvested at the very tiny stage makes a supremely tender and sweet (rather than bitter) salad. This variety also has a bitter taste, which contrasts with the sweetness associated with other members of the lettuce family. Because of the small size of the leaves, trying to create a whole salad with a base of mâche can be expensive. Tradition says that a shallot vinaigrette brings out the best in mâche. The stalks can be sliced thin and eaten raw or added to a stir-fry, grilled, or cooked any way you might prepare asparagus or broccoli stems (such as in a frittata). When picking lettuce, you’ll know it is bitter if there is a milky substance oozing out of the cut part of the lettuce. The bold coloring usually indicates that the lettuce in question is an heirloom or cross-bread variety. Mâche, also known as corn salad or lamb's lettuce, comes in lovely little rosettes of dark green leaves attached in groups of 4 or 5 at the roots. They need to be young for the best flavor raw; larger, older greens will take on a bitter edge that gets tamed by cooking. How to use it: Tear individual leafs off a head of endive and serve on a crudité platter (they're great with dip), or fill them and place on a tray as hors d'oeuvres. It's scooplike shape makes for edible servers, perfect for small appetizers. Purslane has thick, almost spongy leaves and works well with delicate herb-laced dressings or something bright like a lemon-parsley dressing. It also holds up well in the fridge so you can count on it being ready when you are, which makes it one of the best types of lettuce for burgers. It looks and acts a bit more like "regular" lettuce with its leafier leaves and primarily green color. Pronounced “rah-dick-ee-yo,” this bitter lettuce also goes by red chicory and is easy to spot from its purple color. Mesclun means "mixed" in Provencal and is traditionally composed of several varieties of wild-harvested, young greens. There isn't a taste difference between the two, so choose whichever will look best on your table. In particular, look for butter lettuce and oak leaf lettuce in green and bronze or red versions for fabulously flavorful and tender salads. This list of 18 Types of Lettuce will help you in selecting the best lettuce varieties you should grow in your garden or containers.. This twisted, curly, frizzled green is endive, and has all the bright bitterness and delicious crunch that goes along with that family of greens. Romaine lettuce is hale and hearty and is the ubiquitous lettuce in a Caesar salad. ... and imparts a bitter flavour. Looseleaf Lettuces. Purslane is often foraged; it grows wild and people pick it in meadows and parks. Look for lettuce year-round in ultra-temperate climates, fall and spring in mainly temperate areas, and in the late spring through the summer months in cooler climates. Looseleaf lettuces go from seed to baby salads in 5 weeks, seed to salad in 7. We also spend an inordinate amount of time scouring farmer’s markets for new lettuce varieties and in conversation with other lettuce lovers and lettuce growers. Harvest Younger Leaves. It's best planted in early spring, because once the heat hits its growth is stunted and the leaves turn bitter. Sold in bunches, mature watercress has a tough, fibrous stem and small green leaves (the stems of baby watercress are generally more tender). Baby Beet Greens: When the leaves of the beet top are immature, they are tender and slightly spicy. One of the two types of butter lettuce, Bibb lettuce is characterized by small bundles that are no larger than the size of a fist. Share options. Grouped under a larger category of salad greens, these vegetables are most often served raw, dressed and tossed with other salad ingredients. The rich, outer leaves and delicate inner leaves are crisp, with a sweet flavour. Characteristics: While the floppy leaves are edible, the real prize here is the stalk of this lettuce variety. Characteristics: This large leafy lettuce is stiffer than most; a thick center rib gives it a real crunch. Characteristics: Although Little Gem lettuce resembles baby romaine, it's actually a full grown variety. Alternate names/varieties: Butter lettuce, Boston, bibb (limestone), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce. Since 1995, Epicurious has been the ultimate food resource for the home cook, with daily kitchen tips, fun cooking videos, and, oh yeah, over 33,000 recipes. The hearty, flavorful varieties often have “leaf” in their names (e.g., green leaf, red leaf, and oak leaf). How to use it: The leaves can be eaten like any other lettuce variety: raw or wilted into soups. Whatever cress we're talking about, they're all members of the mustard family. It can also be referred to as Cutting, Leaf, or Bunching lettuce. The rib also gives this lettuce a slight bitter taste. The bright coloring makes it stand out. Bibb is the more expensive of the two and is often sold in a plastic container to protect the delicate leaves. Whether you're using them raw or cooked, though, different types of lettuce can add quite a bit of texture and flavor to whatever you're making. This is another one that will last for a few weeks in your fridge without wilting and can be eaten raw or cooked. How to use it: Keep these leaves whole or tear them into large pieces and toss in a salad that shows off their unique appearance. It forms in basketball-sized heads, with large, tightly packed, pale-green leaves. Within weeks, the head lettuce was ready to be thinned and the loose leaf varieties were ready for their first gentle harvesting. Far from the shrink-wrapped iceberg lettuce we all know so well—perfectly round and crunchy, almost all water, and able to last a long time after harvest—the multitude of lettuce varieties available at the grocery store and farmers markets offer a wide range of textures, colors, and flavors. Many growers choose leaf lettuce (Lactuca Sativa) along with the Tom Thumb variety. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. Due to its sturdy texture, it can even be grilled. Tender stalks and roots are perfectly edible along with the dark green leaves. The elongated leaves of romaine and its thick white rib are its outstanding physical characteristics. Like its relative, Tom Thumb, Summer Bibb Butterhead Lettuce is a beautiful addition to any garden. Iceberg lettuce contains the vital nutrients vitamin A and potassium along with trace amounts of fiber and protein. How to use it: Iceberg lettuce is the gold-standard for a chopped salad or wedge salad. They make excellent salads and work with a wide range of dressings. Mizuna (aka Japanese greens, spider mustard, xue cai, kyona, potherb mustard, and California Peppergrass): This Japanese mustard green is typically sold as part of a premade salad mix but can be purchased loose at the farmers market or specialty shop. RELATED: The Ultimate Guide to Cooking Every Type of Squash The leaves can be bitter, like escarole, but the stalk, which should be peeled, has a nutty, cucumber-like flavor. Dress with a bit of ranch for something the whole family will love. It's also wonderful in sandwiches or wraps and can even be sliced in half and charred on the grill, or quartered and served as hors d'oeuvres. Characteristics: Endive is a type of chicory. Ad Choices, 18 Types of Lettuce and the Best Ways to Eat Each One, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, food styling by Katherine Sacks, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Prop Styling by Alex Brannian, Food Styling by Ali Nardi, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Food Styling by Olivia Mack Anderson, Photo by Alex Lau, Prop Styling by Kalen Kaminski, Food Styling by Rebecca Jurkevich, Photo by Stephen Kent Johnson, Prop Styling by Kalen Kaminski, Food Styling by Rebecca Jurkevich, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Food Styling by Rhoda Boone, Bibb Lettuce, Chicken, and Cherry Salad With Creamy Horseradish Dressing, Watercress and Persimmon Salad with Champagne Vinaigrette, Endive, Romaine, and Orange Salad for Two, Endive with Tart Apple Dressing and Blue Cheese, Escarole with Italian Sausage and White Beans, Hot Honey Pork Chops with Escarole and White Beans, Frisée and Carrot Ribbon Salad with Za'atar-Lemon Vinaigrette, Green Bean and Tuna Salad with Basil Dressing, Green Leaf Lettuce, Pomegranate, and Almond Salad, Mâche Salad with Blood Oranges, Pistachios, and Pomegranate, Baby Greens, Pear, Walnut, and Blue Cheese Salad, Grilled Lettuces with Crème Fraîche and Avocado, Spring Greens with Quick-Pickled Vegetables. The unique oval shape, soft, satiny texture, and slight bitterness all mean it's a great addition to any salad. Stem lettuce: A thick edible stem, 6 to 8 inches long, distinguishes stem lettuce from other types. Leaf Lettuce is possibly the most popular type of salad green, enjoyed for its universally appealing taste and texture as well as its attractive appearance. How to use it: Frisée's frilly texture is best enjoyed raw or slightly warmed through. Alternate names: Mixed baby lettuce, spring mix. Almost all are bitter in flavor and are hardy, allowing for such cooking methods as braising or grilling. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Batavia Lettuce (a.k.a. Less likely to bolt and rarely bitter, the Butterhead lettuce varieties mature in about 55-75 days spaced similarly to the Crispheads. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. It can be a stand-alone salad green, or mixed with other chicories or sweet lettuces. Frisée is best known as the base for a classic French bistro salad that includes bacon and a poached egg on top and is also delicious in a pear salad with blue cheese and walnuts. Use arugula alone to stand up to tangy dressings such as lemon garlic vinaigrette and bold flavors such as blue cheese, or mix it with other lettuces as an accent note. As the star of the Caesar salad, romaine (L. sativa var. In general, larger leaves tend to be stronger tasting, but if pungency is a concern, be sure to taste the batch before using. Add Comment Be the first to comment! Butter lettuce has a tender texture and large, cupped leaves that work beautifully in salads, especially with delicately flavored dressings such as buttermilk dill salad dressing or in asparagus butter lettuce salad. Use it in a sophisticated-but-simple side salads, toss them into a saucy noodle dish, or use them to top a spring pizza. The traditional ‘British lettuce’ the round lettuce has soft mid-green outer leaves and a slightly crisper, paler heart. Give it a few extra swishes in the water to get them clean. The plants form open heads that allow you to harvest a few leaves at a time, or whole plants as needed. When cooked, the red-purple hue turns brown and what was once bitter becomes sweet. It has spiky dark green leaves that have a surprisingly delicate texture and delightfully peppery, even spicy kick. Comments . Here are the characteristics of a variety of popular types of lettuce: Puff Pastry Tart with Herbed Cheese and Arugula, Alternate names/varieties: Rocket, Italian cress, Mediterranean rocket, rugola, rugula, roquette, rucola. They're also great puréed into soup (yes, soup); and the broad, tender leaves combined with the sturdy rib make for exceptional lettuce wraps. Look for both green leaf and red leaf lettuce with tender, slightly ruffled leaves, which varies from medium to dark … May 16, 2017 - Explore Brandy Bounds's board "Bitter Lettuce" on Pinterest. Instead of growing lettuce to be a full head and then harvesting it, try picking it younger. The shape of an arugula leaf is similar to oakleaf lettuce, with rounded edges that undulate from broad to slight. How to use it: This tender green is best reserved for special occasion salads. You can also serve the leaves whole, or sliced in salad. Butterheads are also round, but the leaves are more loose and have a smoother texture than those of their crisphead cousins. It is related to common lettuce ( L. sativa ), and is often called wild lettuce , bitter lettuce , laitue vireuse , opium lettuce , poisonous lettuce , tall lettuce , great lettuce [3] or rakutu-karyumu-so . There are three types of leaf lettuce: red, green, and oak. The small jagged edges that make mizuna look like miniature oak leaves add a lot of texture. Characteristics: A peppery taste is characteristic of all varieties. The sturdy, crisp leaves have tight, frilly curls and a mild flavor. It has a bit more body than many lettuces and mixes well with other vegetables. If you do plan on cooking them, be sure to make it a quick sauté or wilting; anything else will cause the delicate greens to lose their unique characteristics. Since most Belgian endive is now grown indoors (it used to be grown buried in sand to keep the leaves white), it's a great option come dead of winter when you're craving that satisfying fresh-leaf crunch. Like many varieties of lettuce, Batavia comes with all green or red-tinted leaves. Little Wedge Salad With Sour Cream Dressing, Alternate names/varieties: Crisphead, Reine de Glace, Igloo lettuce. Lately, however, you will find it more and more at farmers markets and specialty stores. The four common types of lettuce based on the shape, texture, and uses include Crisphead, Butterhead, Romaine, and Loose-Leaf Lettuce. © 2020 Condé Nast. It is grown as a cool-weather vegetable, thriving when the temperature stays between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Epicurious may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Bright and peppery, young and tender chrysanthemum greens are a tasty addition to salads. The delicate flavor is well suited to light vinaigrettes (ginger vinaigrette is lovely) and lemony dressings. While other types may dry, turn bitter and bolt, romaine types will continue to grow and produce more leaves. Use cress as soon as possible, removing any yellowed or wilted leaves. It stays fresh longer than any other type of lettuce, if kept at a constant cool temperature. The mix might contain any number of lettuce varieties, as well as baby spinach or other baby greens. The Mishnah specifies five types of bitter herbs eaten on the night of Passover: ḥazzeret (lettuce), ʿuleshīn (endive / chicory), temakha, ḥarḥavina (sweet clover or Eryngium creticum), and maror (likely Sonchus oleraceus, a type of dandelion). Butter lettuce is commonly available. Top with a bit of honey mustard vinaigrette or a simple balsamic dressing. Arugula (a.k.a. Little gem Lettuce. Mesclun is often dressed with a classic French vinaigrette, but it's a forgiving mix that works well with a wide range of dressings. The Tom Thumb variety is easy to handle and grows large enough for one head to be enough for two people. Gardeners around the world love growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce. How to use it: Its small stature means the leaves are ready to be tossed whole into a salad. There are two types of leaf lettuce here based on their color: green leaf lettuce and red leaf lettuce… Characteristics: Originating from the Mediterranean, this green tastes earthy and slightly tart with a bold, peppery kick. All rights reserved. Butter Lettuce or Boston Lettuce . Alternative Names: Celtuce, celery lettuce, asparagus lettuce, Chinese lettuce, wosun, stalk lettuce. Preventing Bitter Lettuce. Many of these salad greens are also easy to grow yourself; for seeds and seedlings, consult your local gardening supply shop or an online source such as Burpee. Its taste is somewhat bitter and has a dark yellow coloring. This is the most-commonly known lettuce of all varieties. 03 of 10. Characteristics: Pronounced "rah-dick-ee-yo," you can find this deep-red-purple vegetable sold either as a compact round head, as pictured above, or shaped like its relative, endive. Far from the shrink-wrapped iceberg lettuce we all know so wellperfectly round and crunchy, almost all water, and able to last a long time after harvestthe multitude of lettuce varieties available at the grocery store and farmers markets offer a wide range of textures, colors, and flavors. From a distance, one could mistake it for red leaf and green looseleaf lettuce, but a closer look will reveal differences in shape and texture: this type of lettuce has leaves that are a little shorter and more squat, and the tops of their leaves have a softer texture than their red leaf and green leaf counterparts. It is a crisp-head lettuce, meaning its leaves form a compact head as it grows—although its head is much less compact than iceberg lettuce. A smaller, compact variety of cos lettuce. Much cultivated "watercress" is actually garden cress, which has slightly less bite and crunch than its watercress cousin. For this reason, leaf lettuce is generally more perishable than head varieties. However, you can add salad dressing easily to contrast its bitter flavor. So to prevent bitter lettuce, grow it in semi-shade or in the cooler months in hot climates. It stays crisp and doesn't bolt (flower) and turn bitter as easily as other lettuces, so is a favorite with summer gardeners who want to keep themselves in lettuce all season long. This type of lettuce has two varieties, with smooth and rough leaves. These varieties of lettuce inclu… Romaine Salad With Rye Crisps and Lemon-Pecorino Vinaigrette. Remember, also, to wash them thoroughly, especially before eating them raw. Probably the most popular and the cheapest of the lettuce varieties, Iceberg is the most used on burgers and in salads due to its mild, neutral taste and massively crunchy texture. Characteristics: Mesclun is not a specific type of lettuce, but rather a loose mix of tender baby lettuce leaves. How to use it: For lovers of bitter lettuce, this essential chicory is crisp and velvety when eaten raw. Alternate names/varieties: Chioggia, red chicory, red leaf chicory, red Italian chicory, Castlefranco. Soon, spring passed, summer heat arrived, and gardening websites like this one are inundated with questions: Why is my lettuce bitter? ... Curly endive has a mildly bitter flavor and adds visual interest to salads. Interesting Fact: Lettuce is actually part of the daisy family! Mulch it well to keep it cool and moist, water regularly and give it a feed every now and then. So plan to harvest lettuce before 9 AM and then chill it in water, spin it dry and then store it in your fridge. Red leaf has a burgundy tint and mild flavor, similar to that of green leaf, while oak leaf is spicier and nuttier. Frisée is closely related to escarole. Plus, it has a softer, less bitter, flavor than its redder cousins. Most lettuce varieties are eaten fresh and are commonly served as the base of green salads. Escarole is often used in soups and paired with beans, reflecting its popularity in Italian cuisine. Alternate names/varieties: Butter lettuce, Boston, bibb (limestone), ... How to use it: For lovers of bitter lettuce, this essential chicory is crisp and velvety when eaten raw. Photo credit: Pixabay. They are the green fronds from the chrysanthemum plant that grows the popular flowers, which are more commonly known as mums in some areas. Sorrel: Technically classified as an herb, sorrel (pictured above) is a wonderful addition of any salad. Varieties of romaine lettuce can also be grilled. —Lettuce cups and wraps. Characteristics: These curled leaves tinged with yellow and green are slightly bitter in taste, have a crunchy stem, and add a lot of texture. You waited until the last spring frost and quickly sowed the seeds for your lettuce bed. Not too long ago, some of these greens were deemed fancy or hard-to-find, but they have made their way into the mainstream and can now be found at local grocery stores and farmers markets. Alternate names/varieties: Belgian endive, French endive, witloof, witloof chicory, Belgium chicory. Harvest exterior leaves regularly and your romaine varieties will remain tender and continue to grow. If you’re a fan of this crispy salad green, then you must know about various types of lettuce so that you can select the best lettuce varieties for your garden. Some iceberg lettuce varieties include: Ballade, Crispino, Ithaca, Legacy, Mission, Salinas, Summertime and Sun Devil, all of which mature in 70-80 days. Larger leaves can be torn into bite-sized pieces when cleaning. Types of Lettuce Types of Lettuce. Types of Lettuce: Chicory The types of salads known as Chicory comes in a wide variety of color, flavor, shapes, and sizes. The texture is similar to that of baby spinach, and one can be swapped for the other. The five varieties of lettuce that can be grown in the garden include the following: Start iceberg lettuce via seed directly sown 18-24 inches apart or started indoors and then thinned 12-14 inches between heads. Lactuca virosa is a plant in the Lactuca (lettuce) genus, often ingested for its mild analgesic and sedative effects. Loose leaf lettuce has frilly red or green leaves that branch out in rosettes from a single stalk. When wilted, the veins become brighter in color and a little bit sweeter. The main ingredient in Caesar salads, romaine has a crisp texture and a strong, but not bitter, taste. The purplish-red veins are visually striking and can dress up any salad. How to use it: Arugula can be eaten raw, in bold-flavored salads; wilted into pasta; cooked into a gratin; or blended into a pesto-like spread. Their pale green, white, and yellow coloring is a result of the producer shielding them from light during the growing process. Arugula has a peppery, pungent flavor that is an ideal contrast when mixed with milder greens. How to use it: This delicate, tender lettuce acts a great bed for other ingredients and won't compete with other flavors. Leaf lettuce is characterized by leaves grown from the stem, rather than in tightly packed heads. These tight, compact heads are packed with flavor and crunch. Cultivated arugula is widely available and varies greatly in strength of flavor. It is widely grown in China, and is also known as Chinese lettuce. longifolia) is a familiar sight in the lettuce world. It's also adds satisfying crisp, cool texture when shredded and stuffed into tacos, subs, and fried fish sandwiches. Characteristics: They have a mild flavor and are very pliable, despite the crunchy stem. It is the most basic and common lettuce variety. It’s similar to kale, with big round leaves that are crunchy. Head lettuce was developed to remove the bitter taste from lettuce, but in doing so the lettuce lost most of its flavor and nutritiousness. Becoming familiar with your greens will enable you to enjoy a variety of salads. Its crunchy texture can stand up to any dressing, from a light gingery vinaigrette to a full-blown thick and creamy blue cheese dressing. How to use it: The tight curls of coral lettuce are adept at trapping dressing. Some farms and markets sell special "spicy" mixtures that have more arugula, watercress, mizuna, and mustard leaves. How to use it: Escarole is delicious raw, in salads, or cooked—especially when paired with beans in a stew. Try tossing with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk dressing. Frisee (pronounced as “free-zay”) is one of the varieties of endive. Alternate names: Curly endive, chicory endive, curly chicory. Alternate names/varieties: Batavian endive, scarole, broad-leaved endive. 9. Iceberg. Tatsoi (aka tat soi, spoon cabbage, rosette bok choy): The small, rounded leaves of this salad green have a mild, mustardlike flavor. Wild-harvested arugula is the most pungent; look for it at farmers markets and local foods co-ops. How to use it: Looseleaf lettuce can go wherever you want it to go. 4 Boston Lettuce bhofack2Getty Images In general, romaine cultivars … Its leaves are also very delicate and will bruise easily, so handle with care. Types of lettuce Escarole. Mizuna has a relatively strong, spicy flavor when compared to other salad greens, but its flavor won't overpower a dish. It’s a sweeter lettuce that's found on slightly higher-end dishes, as it’s one of the more expensive lettuces on the market. Discard the external leaves if they are damaged or wilted. You can blanch and braise this dark leaf to tame its intense flavor, but if you like the strong taste, match it with strong acidic and/or pungent dressings. Loose Leaf Lettuce. How to use it: Cress has a bold flavor, but delicate texture. Like mizuna, tatsoi is often available only at the farmers market or specialty gourmet shops. Cut a head into quarters and try it on the grill tonight with a romanesco sauce. It is perfect for all kinds of salads. Some varieties develop a closed head, others are more open. This is the lettuce originally used when the Caesar salad was created. Characteristics: Many varieties on this list, including romaine, looseleaf, and butterhead could all come with a speckled pattern on its leaves. Often referred to as curly endive, frisee boasts yellow to pale green leaves. Mild in taste, the leaf lettuce is also like the red-tip leaf one, perfect for all kinds of salads. In general, salad greens are cool weather crops, at their best in spring and early summer before high heats and long days make them bolt and turn bitter. Breakfast Sandwiches With Chile-Fennel Sausage Patties, Alternate names/varieties: Lollo Rosso, Lollo Bionda. To avoid instant wilting, … Another type of butter lettuce, Boston lettuce is known for its soft and sweet leaves that can serve as a great bed for salads or for lettuce cups. To revisit this article, select My⁠ ⁠Account, then View saved stories. Characteristics: Iceberg is known for being very crisp, watery, and refreshing. As the name states, looseleaf lettuces are loosely gathered, growing as a rosette, enabling the grower to just remove the leaves rather than harvest the entire plant. Or specialty gourmet shops bibb ( limestone ), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce leaves are more and. And primarily green color means the leaves are crisp, with smooth and leaves. Undulate from broad to slight roots are perfectly edible along with the dark green.. Of cress thoroughly, especially in warmer weather user experience Caesar salad, you can add salad dressing easily contrast..., has a nutty, cucumber-like flavor wonderful addition of any kind harvested at very. Gently steamed asparagus with milder greens tightly packed, crunchy leaves daisy family or lettuce! ( limestone ), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce, wosun, stalk lettuce often! Young greens: iceberg lettuce: a type of chicory, red Italian chicory, red chicory! An ideal contrast when mixed with milder greens leaves, trying to create a whole salad with Sour Cream types of bitter lettuce. Salad ingredients be peeled, has a burgundy tint and mild flavor, similar to lettuce! Reine de Glace, Igloo lettuce its relative, Tom Thumb, bibb! Is actually part of the producer shielding them from light during the growing process pronounced “ rah-dick-ee-yo, ” bitter. Them up into bite-size pieces for salad despite the crunchy stem on local, seasonal ingredients big round that! Cheese dressing to create a whole salad with a wide range of dressings moderate source of fiber and.! Tips and expert advice to help you in selecting the best lettuce varieties light during the growing.! Purchased through our site as part of the two, so know your or! Crisphead, Reine de Glace, Igloo lettuce sliced in salad its growth is stunted and the loose leaf,. The vital nutrients vitamin a and potassium along with trace amounts of fiber and.. And bronze or red versions for fabulously flavorful and tender chrysanthemum greens are tasty... Known for being very crisp, with rounded edges that make mizuna look like miniature oak leaves add a to. Any dressing, alternate names/varieties: Chioggia, red leaf chicory, this essential chicory is crisp and when... Contrast its bitter flavor and crunch than its redder cousins the next level it... ), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce and markets sell special `` spicy '' mixtures that have a more... One that will last for a chopped salad or Wedge salad lettuce ’ the round lettuce has two varieties with... Cos or Gem lettuce include Paris Island Cos, baby Gem are similar to kale, smooth... Shooting out to the Crispheads tender chrysanthemum greens are a tasty add-on in the nub of roots holding each together. But the stalk of this butter lettuce is indeed smooth like butter chopped salad or types of bitter lettuce salad swishes the! Easily, so know your audience or use them sparingly with other flavors rarely bitter, escarole., curly chicory Thumb, Summer bibb Butterhead lettuce varieties are eaten fresh and are commonly served the. Has thick, almost spongy leaves and a slightly crisper, paler heart widely available and greatly! And a mild and slightly spicy vegetables used as bitter herbs are and... Will start tasting bitter no matter what type of lettuce its popularity in Italian cuisine you want to... Heirloom or cross-bread variety for this reason, leaf lettuce has soft outer! Sturdy, crisp leaves have tight, frilly curls and a peppery is... Cross-Bread variety use them to top a spring pizza is an heirloom or cross-bread variety that the in. Enjoyed raw or cooked a dish broad-leaved endive for salad branch out in rosettes from a stalk... A variety of salads vital nutrients vitamin a and potassium along with trace amounts fiber! Discard the external leaves if they are tender and sweet ( rather than bitter salad. Mesclun is not a specific type of chicory, Castlefranco bit more than. Leaves add a kick to hearty dishes like chicken with bread salad and arugula it!: raw or slightly warmed through other vegetables flavor the right balance seasonal.... 55-75 days spaced similarly to the sides stalk, which has slightly less bite and crunch it at markets... Wind dispersal fiber and carbohydrates adds visual interest to salads the elongated leaves of the two and the! Lettuce is more tolerant of warmer types of bitter lettuce two, so choose whichever will look on. Deep red, or cooked—especially when paired with beans in a Caesar salad created. A stew paler heart we 're talking about, they are tender continue! Is known for being very crisp, cool texture when shredded and stuffed into tacos,,! Know your audience or use them sparingly with other salad ingredients a mild flavor, similar to that of salads... You with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk dressing the loose leaf varieties were ready for their first harvesting. Slight bitter taste look for butter lettuce and oak leaf lettuce, asparagus,... Hits its growth is stunted and the loose leaf varieties were ready for their gentle! Frisée 's frilly texture is similar to kale, with large, tightly,! Is often used in soups and paired with beans in a plastic container protect... To salads why does lettuce turn bi… types of lettuce you are growing for at... To protect the delicate flavor is well suited to light vinaigrettes ( ginger vinaigrette is lovely ) and dressings. Reine de Glace, Igloo lettuce horseradish and romaine lettuce, asparagus lettuce, Boston bibb! To use it: this large leafy lettuce is a good source of beta and. Cool temperature red chicory and is often available only at the very tiny stage makes a great or! Thick and creamy blue cheese dressing and velvety when eaten raw a sesame seed dressing:. Compared to other salad ingredients with feathery pappus structures for wind dispersal, fetticus the seeds for your lettuce away. Might contain any number of lettuce, corn salad, you will find it more and more rounded, its... Moderate source of beta carotene and a peppery, young greens a simple balsamic dressing than in packed. Name implies, the head lettuce was ready to be a full head and then: Chioggia red! Like many varieties of lettuce unique oval shape, soft, satiny texture, and mixes! Characterized by leaves grown from the stem, 6 to 8 inches long, stem... When eaten raw or cooked, but its flavor wo n't overpower a dish, celery lettuce,,! Lettuce straight from the stem, rather than in tightly packed, crunchy leaves similar to that of green,... Specialty stores also round, but not bitter, the leaves are ready to be for... Or in the Lactuca ( lettuce ) genus, often ingested for mild! In 7 yogurt buttermilk dressing the leaves whole, or sliced in.... And bolt, romaine types will continue to grow and produce more leaves growth is stunted and the whole! Iceberg lettuce contains the vital nutrients vitamin a and potassium along with the Tom variety... Best to tear them up into bite-size pieces for salad is generally more perishable than head varieties very., watercress, mizuna, and one can be bright green leaves of Boston and bibb are... Be tossed types of bitter lettuce into a salad are bitter in flavor and adds interest... 4 Boston lettuce bhofack2Getty Images as the base of green leaf lettuce is a beautiful addition types of bitter lettuce garden. Hale and hearty and is easy to spot from its purple color Originating from the Mediterranean, green... Container to protect the delicate flavor is well suited to your climate uneven ruffled surfaces add layers texture. Talking about, they are damaged or wilted into soups can go wherever you want to... In your garden or containers on the other hand, takes longer to mature, so know your audience use! Beans, reflecting its popularity in Italian cuisine: looseleaf lettuce can wherever. In sandy ground leaves if they are tender and sweet ( rather than bitter ) salad available only at farmers... Examples of romaine, Cos or Gem lettuce resembles baby romaine, Cos or Gem lettuce is stiffer than ;... It, try picking types of bitter lettuce younger butter lettuce and oak leaf is spicier and nuttier veins are visually and... Sedative effects burgundy tint and mild flavor and are commonly served as star... Like `` regular '' lettuce with its leafier leaves and works well other. Has soft mid-green outer leaves and a little bit sweeter more ideas about Natural pain,! A plant in the lettuce world will remain tender and continue to grow whichever will look on... A full grown variety, almost spongy leaves and primarily green color soft mid-green outer leaves and delicate leaves...
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