Climate change adaptation is about preparing for the current and future impacts of climate change. Addressing climate change as one of the drivers of disaster risk, while respecting the mandate of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, represents an opportunity to reduce disaster risk in a meaningful and coherent manner throughout the interrelated intergovernmental processes. Global temperatures and sea levels are rising, and possibly contributing to larger more devastating storms. Worldwide, climate change intensifies some of the hazards affecting social systems and weakens resilience in facing uncertainty and disasters (O’Brien et al. The purpose of this guidance note is to explore how coherence of the post-2015 global frameworks - especially the Sustainable Development Agenda, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change - may be pursued in practice in Asia-Pacific countries. 2013. Similarly, they may observe that some occurred in agricultural areas, which may have affected crops and damaged the economy. Explain that they will now watch and listen for evidence that climate change contributed to the California wildfires specifically. Climate change mitigation is about reducing greenhouse gas emissions from human activities. According to the latest research from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), we have less than 11 years to make the transformation necessary to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. Sustainability Policy |  This process is often called the greenhouse effect. Ozone depletion and climate change have usually been thought of as environmental issues with little in common other than their global scope. In addition to property damage, floods, on average, kill more people than tornadoes, hurricanes, or lightning strikes in the United States each year. Provide support for students as they work by pausing the video, rewinding, and modeling how to answer the questions as needed. What would make these events newsworthy? The CSA approach pursues the triple objectives of sustainably increasing productivity and incomes, adapting to climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions where possible. Burning fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas) and some industrial processes are the main sources of carbon dioxide. Current climate change is mainly caused by human activities that release greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. This is not to mention the human impact of geo-physical disasters, which are 91 percent climate-related, and which between 1998 and 2017 killed 1.3 million people, and left 4.4 billion injured. Then ask students what they observe about the graph. As a result, more countries are acting on the imperative to implement national and local disaster risk reduction strategies. This paper reviews academic use of the concept of ‘resilience’ in social, ecological and socio-ecological systems and its application to the climate, disaster and development nexus. Ask students to make observations about the map. tropical storm with wind speeds of at least 119 kilometers (74 miles) per hour. How climate change will affect key sectors. Many climate change adaptation efforts aim to address the implications of potential changes in the frequency, intensity, and duration of weather and climate events that affect the risk of extreme impacts on human society. Review the basic causes and consequences of climate change before moving to the next step. These include changes in pr… National Geographic Headquarters (Answer: They should see that the frequency of billion-dollar events is generally increasing over time.) She or he will best know the preferred format. (Answer: The black line represents the average of all the years in the range represented on the graph.) Learn more about the causes of climate change and the greenhouse gas effect: Each of the last three decades has been warmer globally than any decade on record. Categories three to five are considered a major storm. Second, while land use change is an important driver of climate change, a changing climate can lead to changes in land use and land cover. The importance of the climate change issue stems from the impact of changes in climate on human and natural systems. Climate models provide a glimpse of the future, and while they do not agree on all of the details, most models predict a few general trends. Discuss the differences in the role climate change played in the California wildfires and the role it played in the flooding in Hurricane Harvey. This is not to say that there hasn’t been progress. All of these pose risks for agriculture, food and water supplies. The annual average economic losses from climate-related disasters are in the hundreds of billions of dollars. In Canada, the average temperature increased by 1.7°C during the same time period, about double the global average (Figure 1). Climate change is emerging as an important driver of disease incidence, and a wait and see approach invites unnecessary risk, write Jeremy Hess and colleagues. an event occurring naturally that has large-scale effects on the environment and people, such as a volcano, earthquake, or hurricane. Why or why not? Given the enormous significance of climate change for people and our environment, it is imperative that university students gain broad knowledge on climate change topics, including causes and effects, mitigation and adaptation, application of tools and technologies and effective communications. This can occur when there is a large amount of rain, rapid snow or ice melt, a blast of water onto a coastline during a storm, or the failure of manmade infrastructures, such as dams or levees. Its effects include higher temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, rising sea levels and more frequent extreme weather events. About 31% of Earth's land surface is covered by forests. Cities are uniquely sensitive to many impacts, especially extreme weather impacts. 14. The climate system involves the atmosphere - specifically processes within the troposphere, such as air circulation patterns - land surfaces and oceans. After students have completed the worksheet while watching Climate change is part of California’s perfect recipe for intense wildfire, distribute another copy of the worksheet to each group. (Answer: All in the list above are related in some way to weather except earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis.). Project the U.S. 2017 Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters Map from NOAA’s Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Overview webpage. … The Climate Emergency we currently face requires adequate and immediate action. According to the 2014 report on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (page 8) from the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, governments at various levels are also getting better at adaptation. The IPCC has examined the published results from many different models and on the … Climate change is a long-term shift in the average weather conditions of a region, such as its typical temperature, rainfall, and windiness. Floods are among the most expensive and frequent natural disasters in the United States, and as the impacts of climate change are more acutely felt, floods are expected to worsen. The projections of future climate patterns are largely based on computer-based models of the climate system that incorporate the important factors and processes of the atmosphere and the oceans, including the expected growth in greenhouse gases from various socio-economic scenarios for the coming decades. Climate change is starting to be factored into a variety of development plans: how to manage the increasingly extreme disasters we are seeing and their … Importance: Why Should We Care About Climate Change? Climate change impacts in Afghanistan culminate from overlapping interactions of natural disasters (due to changes in the climate system), conflict, agricultural dependency, and severe socio-economic hardship. From 1948 to 2016 the global average temperature increased by approximately 0.8°C. We are facing an existential threat and rapid prioritization of attention and action is necessary. Deforestation contributes to the increase in CO2 in the atmosphere and climate change © Lou Levit. The link between land use and the climate is complex. Ask: What types of natural disasters are shown on the map? While they can often be predicted, the loss of life and property take an emotional and economic toll on the community impacted. In addition to changes in climate that are caused by natural climate variability, climate change can be caused by human activity. Second, while land use change is an important driver of climate change, a changing climate can lead to changes in land use and land cover. Pause the video and ask students to briefly explain the evidence Park Williams gives linking climate change to an increase in wildfires generally. has led to the greenhouse effect, resulting in climate change. Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use. These environmental hazards shape human activity regionally. Figure 1.1: Polar bears walking on melting ice. It is one of the most pervasive and threatening crises of our time. A category five hurricane has wind speeds that exceed 252 kilometers (157 miles) per hour. Greenhouse gases absorb heat and radiate some of it back to the Earth, raising surface temperatures. Disaster losses are likely to increase into the foreseeable future as a result of drivers of change, including: climate change; critical infrastructure interdependence; and shifting demographics in Canada. Despite a small amount of uncertainty, scientists find climate models … Ask students to share their findings and conclusions with the class. Monitor the news for weather-related disaster events around the world. Do you think most hurricanes are affected by climate change? Be sure the definition includes the key components of a natural disaster: a natural event or force that causes damage to property and/or loss of life. Climate refers to the kind of weather that's typically expected in a region. 1. If students do not mention climate change, introduce the idea to them. It also includes changes that are forecast over the next few days, for example, in temperature and rainfall. In Canada, temperature has increased about 1.7 degrees Celsius over the 65-years from 1948 to 2013. International Scientific Conference “Environmental and Climate Technologies†, CONECT 2018 The relationship between insurance companies and natural disaster risk reduction: overview of the key characteristics and mechanisms dealing with climate change Andrea Jonathan Paganoa*, Maksims Feofilovsb, Francesco Romagnolib aLaw F culty, Turiba University, Graudu iela 68, … Have students interpret graphs to understand patterns in the frequency of major natural disasters in the United States over time. (Answer: Students may notice some types of events seem to be grouped in certain parts of the country.) 4. Students use maps and graphs to understand how the frequency of billion-dollar natural disaster events has changed over time. This figure shows changes in global and Canadian average temperature relative to the 1961 to 1990 reference period. Many people exposed to climate related or weather-related disasters experience stress and serious mental health consequences. Climate change may not be responsible for the recent skyrocketing cost of natural disasters, but it is very likely that it will impact future catastrophes. Meteorologists use the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale to classify hurricanes into categories one to five. NOAA: Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters, PBS NewsHour: Climate change is part of California’s recipe for intense wildfire, Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Overview, PNAS: Assessing the present and future probability of Hurricane Harvey’s rainfall, PRI: Scientists pinpoint link between climate change and Hurricane Harvey's record rainfall, Washington Post: Climate change upped the odds of Hurricane Harvey’s extreme rains, study finds, Scientific American: Global Warming Tied to Hurricane Harvey, New York Times: Scientists Link Hurricane Harvey’s Record Rainfall to Climate Change, National Geographic: How Climate Change Likely Strengthened Recent Hurricanes, EPA: A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change—Warmer Oceans. The greenhouse effect is a natural process, but it is being intensified by human activities that increase greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere, especially carbon dioxide. The CRP aims to support building resilient cities with the capacity to plan for and mitigate adverse impacts of disasters and climate change, thus enabling them to save lives, reduce losses and unlock economic and social potential. Sadly, climate change is only one – albeit a whopper – of the countless market failures that degrade our lives. You cannot download interactives. Step 3: Connect the activity to students’ personal lives by using the drop-down menu on the Billion-Dollar Disaster Event map to select your state and view events that have impacted your area. Climate change is a direct threat to a child’s ability to survive, grow, and thrive. This is why the presence of these gases is crucial for life on Earth. 2015. Learn more about floods with these resources. This means that there will also be changes in extreme conditions. Ask students what variables are shown on the x and y axes of the graph (x is months and y is the number of events). Some useful websites are listed in the Resources for Further Exploration section. Hurricanes are the same thing as typhoons, but usually located in the Atlantic Ocean region. He explains, 'Climate change is how the characteristics of the weather we experience in a certain place change. Additionally, use the final discussion to identify and correct any misconceptions. Dramatic and unprecedented natural disasters have had little effect on the public. As a class, review the environmental conditions that lead to a hurricane. All of that can be a result of climate change.' Environment and Climate Change Canada. For years, scientists have known that climate change can lead to more extreme weather events. (Answer: These lines represent specific years.) 1.4 The resilience and adaptive capacity of all types of forests to natural disasters and the impact of climate change is significantly strengthened worldwide. 13. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Catastrophic weather events include hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, and droughts, among others. Terms of Service |  In the United States, the amount of greenhouse gas emissions has held steady since 1990–even though our economy and our population has grown. The economic value of coastal areas within 500 metre from the European seas totals between €500-1,000 billion. In 2018, more than 17.2 million people fled disasters in 125 countries and territories. The challenges posed by climate change, such as more intense storms, frequent heavy precipitation, heat waves, drought, extreme flooding, and higher sea levels could significantly alter the types and magnitudes of hazards faced by communities and the emergency management professionals serving them. Global temperature shows an increase of about 0.8 degrees Celsius over the 65-years from 1948 to 2013. The coastal areas are important sources of GDP per se. uncontrolled fire that happens in a rural or sparsely populated area. becoming a catch-all for tackling climate change impacts in a development context. Governments, funders, researchers, and practitioners must act now One exception found that awareness of climate change and disaster risk was positively associated with self-efficacy, distress, risk perception, concern, responsibility, resilience, and adaptive capacity, while distress, risk perception, and concern were found to have a negative association on resilience, concluding that higher risk perception and concern may not positively influence adaptive … Information, Media, and Technology Skills, Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information, Tech Setup: 1 computer per small group, Projector, Speakers. Yet, in spite of the evidence at hand, climate change remains the toughest, most intractable political issue we, as a society, have ever faced. At the G7 summit in Elmau in June 2015, the member states agreed to launch a climate insurance initiative (InsuResilience), highlighting the importance of financial risk transfer concepts, particularly for emerging and developing countries. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, USA : Cambridge University Press. Further changes are inevitable, with larger changes projected for higher emission scenarios. Ask: What general trend do you see? Learn more about the impacts of climate change: Dealing with climate change requires both mitigation and adaptation actions. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Paleoclimatology—or the study of changes in climate throughout Earth’s history—uses evidence found in tree rings, ocean sediment, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks to determine that current warming is occurring roughly 10 times faster than the post-ice age warming. 3. The two most well known consequences of climate change are an increase in global-mean temperature and a rise in sea level. In groups, have students research Hurricane Harvey, and use the worksheet to analyze the effect climate change had on the flooding from the storm. [2] But globally, greenhouse gases have increased since then, bringing humanity very close to the dangerous levels of global warming that were predicted. The importance of the climate change issue stems from the impact of changes in climate on human and natural systems. The main greenhouse gases are water vapour, carbon dioxide and methane. Ask: Did you hear about any of these natural disasters in the news? Climate change is defined as gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet over approximately 30 years. Climate change caused by human activity is referred to as anthropogenic climate change. Such gases are called greenhouse gases. Climate refers to the kind of weather that's typically expected in a region. Climate change affects global temperature and precipitation patterns. Facts about the Climate Emergency The Climate Emergency we currently face requires adequate and immediate action. Ask students: What are some factors that may explain this general trend? The Canadian data are more variable than the global data. Ask students to give you examples of natural disasters, including floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, droughts, wildfires, tornadoes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, snowstorms, and severe thunderstorms. Go over the questions on the worksheet with students so they are familiar with them. The link between land use and the climate is complex. (Answer: Students may note some events affected densely populated cities, which might increase the amount of property damage. Regardless of why the climate is changing, emergency managers have to be poised to … [3] As scientific evidence abou… Use this curated collection of resources to teach your classroom about hurricanes. Resilience is therefore a predominant concern. 2006).It also contributes to increased climate extremes and exacerbates adverse impacts (Birkmann and Mechler 2015).Climate change is just one factor influencing certain hazards; it can contribute to disasters where vulnerability … Tell students they are going to focus on two extreme weather-related disaster events and look for evidence that climate change played a role. Key Finding 1: Exposure to Disasters Results in Mental Health Consequences. 1.4 The resilience and adaptive capacity of all types of forests to natural disasters and the impact of climate change is significantly strengthened worldwide. Climate change, the periodic modification of Earth’s climate caused by atmospheric changes and the atmosphere’s interactions with geologic, chemical, biological, and geographic factors. The sun’s energy warms the Earth and the warmed Earth releases heat to the atmosphere. The data shows the Earth is warming and it's up to us to make the changes necessary for a healthier planet. 'It can get hotter or wetter on average or have more concentrated rain in a short period, but then get longer dry periods. gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet. Use this map of climate change and human migration as a starting point. Point out that the costs of these disasters are calculated by considering property and infrastructure damage and business interruption. Scientists are already seeing dramatic reductions in Arctic sea ice cover, particularly in the summertime. Environment and Climate Change Canada. The purpose of putting culture in the centre of disaster risk reduction is not to place blame on culture, but rather to raise awareness of this important dimension of vulnerability. Learn the human impact and consequences of climate change for the environment, and our lives. Ask: Which of these natural disasters are related to weather? It means changing our activities and decisions so that we reduce the negative impacts of climate change and become more resilient. Climate change also causes changes in European seas surface temperature, which has been up to six times greater than in the global oceans in the past 25 years. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. Ask students to work with a partner to answer a few questions about the graph to ensure they are reading it correctly. Human and natural systems are influenced by climate variability and hazards, with the negative impacts most severely felt in developing countries. They analyze data from long-term observations of climate in the air and under water, using graphs to convince community members to sign a Climate Change Challenge Pledge of their design. This can all be contributed to climate change. Use these resources in your classroom to help your students understand and take action on climate change. All rights reserved. For example, if you live in northern California you are more likely to be impacted by a wildfire, landslide, or earthquake than if you live in Charleston, South Carolina, but less likely to be hit by a hurricane. Hazard mapping formed the foundation for a proper understanding of the people’s perceptions of changes in the climate in the recent past, in terms of the variability and predictability in different climate characteristics, such as rainfall, dry conditions, floods, and cyclone. Hurricanes have three main parts, the calm eye in the center, the eyewall where the winds and rains are the strongest, and the rain bands which spin out from the center and give the storm its size. Have students predict how the frequency of billion-dollar natural disaster events will change in the next one hundred years and explain their reasoning. Reducing these two components of risk requires identifying and reducing the underlying drivers of risk, which are particularly related to poor economic and urban development choices and practice, degradation of the environment, poverty and inequality and climate change, which create and exacerbate conditions of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Do you think most wildfires are affected by climate change? We … Pause the video frequently to discuss and check for understanding. Figure 1 : Change in global and Canadian average temperature relative to the 1961-1990 reference period. For example, rising temperatures can increase the length of growing seasons or the varieties of plants that can be grown in different areas. They analyze how climate change affected the 2017 California wildfires and the flooding from Hurricane Harvey. Earth Science, Geography, Human Geography. Ask: Assess student understanding by reviewing their work on the Analyzing a Natural Disaster Event handout that they completed about Hurricane Harvey. This activity targets the following skills: The resources are also available at the top of the page. These countries and cities are among the places that will be the worst hit Analyze how climate change affected a specific natural disaster event. SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE (‘CLIMATE CHANGE’ VERSION1) 1 Two versions of the postal survey were used: one referred to ‘climate change’ and the other to ‘global warming’. Water Have students look back at their list of examples. To understand climate change, we first need to understand the difference between weather and climate. Privacy Notice |  13. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Increasing sea level (1,7 mm/year) changes the shape of coastlines, contributes to coastal erosion and leads to flooding and more underground salt-water intrusion. The environmental hazards you face depend on where you live. Loosely defined, climate is the average weather at a distinct place that incorporates temperature, precipitation, and other features. On Earth, climate scientists must account for temperature fluctuations, wind patterns, ocean currents, land surface characteristics and much more. Have students research Hurricane Harvey and analyze evidence that climate change contributed to the severity of the flooding during the hurricane. , fossil fuels, the line between the third and fourth type can be very fine. Climate change magnifies the existing risks and vulnerabilities associated with disasters, due to changing patterns of some hazards and due to increased population exposure and land-use changes. Warming has been even stronger in northern Canada. This shrinking sea ice disrupts normal ocean circulation and creates changes in climate and weather around the globe. Weather refers to the actual atmospheric conditions that are being experienced now. Is there a consensus about the role of climate change in the extreme flooding from Hurricane Harvey? More needs to be done to prevent new risks, which are already emerging owing to increasing urbanisation, the threat of climate change and other risk drivers. 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