Percy ordered his artillery to open fire at extreme range, dispersing the colonial militiamen. Departing Boston late in the evening on April 18, 1775, the King’s troops marched into the small town of Lexington at around 5:00 AM. [147] This is not to say that other locations were not involved in the battles. [65], When the British troops arrived in the village of Concord, Lt. Col. Smith divided them to carry out Gage's orders. [78], A shot rang out. [67], Using detailed information provided by Loyalist spies, the grenadier companies searched the small town for military supplies. A well-known story alleges that after nightfall one farmer, Josiah Nelson, mistook the British patrol for the colonists and asked them, "Have you heard anything about when the regulars are coming out?" 25 terms. He positioned his company carefully. They believed that the forces leaving the city were too large for the sole task of arresting two men and that Concord was the main target. [48] Many years later, one of the participants recalled Parker's words as being what is now engraved in stone at the site of the battle: "Stand your ground; don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here. The volley fired here at Concord two centuries ago, 'the shot heard round the world', still echoes today on this anniversary. See answer malikfitzgerald4442 is waiting for your help. If they had also won at Concord, very little would likely have changed. Heath sent messengers out to intercept arriving militia units, directing them to appropriate places along the road to engage the regulars. Department of the Army, Lineage and Honors, 181st Infantry. The war was the result of residents of the 13 American colonies trying to free themselves from Great Britain, which was trying to keep the American colonies in its empire. [87] The British were now witnessing once again what General Gage had hoped to avoid by dispatching the expedition in secrecy and in the dark of night: the ability of the colonial militiamen to rise and converge by the thousands when British forces ventured out of Boston. Lexington and Concord Questions 1. Battle of Concord Definition: The Battle of Concord was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). ... the officers got to the front and presented their bayonets, and told the men if they advanced they should die. American Revolution: Lexington & Concord. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historic Landmark. He then traveled the northern water route, crossing the mouth of the Charles River by rowboat, slipping past the British warship HMS Somerset at anchor. a victory to start out the war. No one is actually sure who fired the first shot or if it was an American or British soldier. capsasha2 capsasha2 Answer: The British. There is no record that any soldiers on either side were armed with longer-range, more accurate rifles. The first shots were fired just as the sun was rising at Lexington. Flank Companies (Grenadiers and Light Infantry) from: Battalion Companies from (7 regular companies, these didn't include the flank companies): Greenwalt, Phillip S., and Robert Orrison. This system was so effective that people in towns 25 miles (40 km) from Boston were aware of the army's movements while they were still unloading boats in Cambridge. Each company had its own lieutenant, but the majority of the captains commanding them were volunteers attached to them at the last minute, drawn from all the regiments stationed in Boston. The British Army's infantry was nicknamed "redcoats" and sometimes "devils" by the colonists. In 1961, novelist Howard Fast published April Morning, an account of the battle from a fictional 15-year-old's perspective, and reading of the book has been frequently assigned in American secondary schools. Several provincial generals were en route to the fighting during the day but not in a position to assert overall command. The 700 British soldiers did drive the 77 Minutemen from Lexington. The Jason Russell House still stands and contains bullet holes from this fight. While the British got the upper hand in Lexington, the Colonists surprised British troops when they arrived in Concord shortly after to win the battle and force their retreat to Boston. [149], President Ford laid a wreath at the base of The Minute Man statue and then respectfully observed as Sir Peter Ramsbotham, the British Ambassador to the United States, laid a wreath at the grave of British soldiers killed in the battle. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at American Revolution - Battle of Lexington and Concord… This lack of discipline among the British troops had a key role in the escalation of violence. During the search, the regulars were generally scrupulous in their treatment of the locals, including paying for food and drink consumed. [38], The continental force included some 4,000 militia and local minuteman companies. [123][124] Gage's official report was too vague on particulars to influence anyone's opinion. In addition to other express riders delivering messages, bells, drums, alarm guns, bonfires and a trumpet were used for rapid communication from town to town, notifying the rebels in dozens of eastern Massachusetts villages that they should muster their militias because over 500 regulars were leaving Boston. This struggle for supplies led to one British success and several Patriot successes in a series of nearly bloodless conflicts known as the Powder Alarms. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. [24] An expedition from Boston to Concord was widely anticipated. Edwin. The documents were presented to a sympathetic official and printed by the London newspapers two weeks before Gage's report arrived. But now they held high ground protected by heavy guns from HMS Somerset. They British won the battle. They might have cut off Percy's route to Charlestown, but these men halted on nearby Winter Hill and allowed the British to escape. [104] His men then came upon an absent-minded tutor at Harvard College and asked him which road would take them to Lexington. [57] Speculation arose later in Lexington that a man named Solomon Brown fired the first shot from inside the tavern or from behind a wall, but this has been discredited. For example, older participants' testimony in later life about Lexington and Concord differed greatly from their depositions taken under oath in 1775. Warren's intelligence suggested that the most likely objectives of the regulars' movements later that night would be the capture of Adams and Hancock. Eight Lexington men were killed, and ten were wounded. we allll have a battleee to win. The Americans considered the contest an encouraging start to the war. The remaining companies under Colonel Smith lay further down the road toward Boston. Davis,[76] on the light infantry, keeping to the road, since it was surrounded by the spring floodwaters of the Concord River. Why did the soldiers march to Concord? At about 4 am Smith made the wise but belated decision to send a messenger back to Boston asking for reinforcements. These principles, when enunciated 200 years ago, were a dream, not a reality. A. Doolittle print of the Battle indicates this after interviews with eyewitness accounts one month after the Battle. They didn't march to Concord. When they arrived at Ephraim Jones's tavern, by the jail on the South Bridge road, they found the door barred shut, and Jones refused them entry. [46] Captain Parker was clearly aware that he was outmatched in the confrontation and was not prepared to sacrifice his men for no purpose. [148], Freedom was nourished in American soil because the principles of the Declaration of Independence flourished in our land. All now said the British fired first at Lexington, whereas fifty or so years before, they weren't sure. While the British got the upper hand in Lexington, the Colonists surprised British troops when they arrived in Concord shortly after to win the battle and force their retreat to Boston. Rev. Remake of the Lexington Battle The battles of Lexington and Concord occurred during the date of April 19, 1775, when troops of Redcoats went to Lexington to capture Samuel Adams and John Hancock, and also went to Concord to destroy Patriots’ weapons and ammunitions. Americans at that time still considered themselves British 5. the colonists won the battle!!!!! Smith's men collapsed with exhaustion once they reached the safety of Percy's lines. The result was indecisive. [110], The fighting grew more intense as Percy's forces crossed from Lexington into Menotomy. The outnumbered regulars fell back from the bridge and rejoined the main body of British forces in Concord. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at American Revolution - Battle of Lexington and Concord… Who won the battle of Quebec? It is recognized by that state, as well as by Connecticut, Maine, and by the Wisconsin public schools, on the third Monday in April. [127] Thomas Paine in Philadelphia had previously thought of the argument between the colonies and the Home Country as "a kind of law-suit", but after news of the battle reached him, he "rejected the hardened, sullen-tempered Pharaoh of England forever". [138], Four current units of the Massachusetts National Guard units (181st Infantry,[139] 182nd Infantry,[140] 101st Engineer Battalion,[141] and 125th Quartermaster Company[142]) are derived from American units that participated in the Battles of Lexington and Concord. A remark in Lt. Col. Smith's report to General Gage, dated April 22, 1775, is typical: "Notwithstanding the enemy's numbers, they did not make one gallant attempt during so long an action, though our men were so very fatigued, but [instead] kept under cover." Technically, Lexington was a British victory. Week 33. asked Percy. Only one British officer remained uninjured among the three companies at the head of the British column as it approached Lexington Center. The concerned Captain Laurie sent a messenger to Lt. Col. Smith requesting reinforcements. We had a man of the 10th light Infantry wounded, nobody else was hurt. Infantry units would apply pressure to the sides of the British column. The minutemen B. The troops sent there did not find any supplies of consequence. Lexington and Concord, Battle of. Gage used his discretion and did not issue written orders for the arrest of rebel leaders, as he feared doing so might spark an uprising.[20]. The "Battle" took on an almost mythical quality in the American consciousness. [150], first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War (1775), "Battle of Lexington" redirects here. Who won the Battle of Trenton? [91] At this place, the militia company from Woburn had positioned themselves on the southeast side of the bend in the road in a rocky, lightly-wooded field. His friends, depending on which account is to be believed, either hid in the cellar or died in the house from bullets and bayonets after shooting at the soldiers who followed them in. When it moved out of range, those units would move around and forward to re-engage the column further down the road. General Heath studied the position of the British Army and decided to withdraw the militia to Cambridge. Colonists. There was one who looked to them as if he had been scalped, which angered and shocked the British soldiers. [93], When the British column neared the boundary between Lincoln and Lexington, it encountered another ambush from a hill overlooking the road, set by Captain John Parker's Lexington militiamen, including some of them bandaged up from the encounter in Lexington earlier in the day. They also burned some gun carriages found in the village meetinghouse, and when the fire spread to the meetinghouse itself, local resident Martha Moulton persuaded the soldiers to help in a bucket brigade to save the building. To cross the narrow bridge, the British had to pull the flankers back into the main column and close ranks to a mere three soldiers abreast. Facing the threat of rebellion, British General Thomas Gage hoped to prevent violence by ordering the seizure of weapons and powder being stored in Concord, Massachusetts, twenty miles northwest of Boston. the Americans. Unit 9. [citation needed]. The peak strength of militias that massed around the British column on April 19 is uncertain. They had received word of Dartmouth's secret instructions to General Gage from sources in London well before they reached Gage himself. C. The meeting adjourned around 8:30 pm, after which Earl Percy mingled with town folk on Boston Common. The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the Revolutionary War, which was a war between England and American colonists. [56], Some witnesses among the regulars reported the first shot was fired by a colonial onlooker from behind a hedge or around the corner of a tavern. Paintings of the Lexington skirmish began to portray the militia standing and fighting back in defiance. We ... shall ... pay attention and regard to any real grievances ... laid before us; and whenever any of the Colonies shall make a proper application to us, we shall be ready to afford them every just and reasonable indulgence. [108], Percy assumed control of the combined forces of about 1,700 men and let them rest, eat, drink, and have their wounds tended at field headquarters (Munroe Tavern) before resuming the march. Who won the Battle of Lexington and Concord. Answer: Strategic victory of American militias over English red coats. [40], The British force was organized into:[39], Although often styled a battle, in reality, the engagement at Lexington was a minor brush or skirmish. 12 terms. [136] A bronze bas relief of Major Buttrick, designed by Daniel Chester French and executed by Edmond Thomas Quinn in 1915, is in the park, along with French's Minute Man statue. Adams and Hancock were eventually moved to safety, first to what is now Burlington and later to Billerica. ... 14 terms. It was about 2:30 p.m., and the British column had now been on the march since 2 o'clock in the morning. One church's communion silver was stolen but was later recovered after it was sold in Boston. Battle of Concord The British wanted to wipe out the weapon and ammunition storage in Concord The Americans fled from Lexington to defend Concord This was a more major battle then Lexington Effects of the battles This is the battle that started the revolutionary war Very good. As the regulars numbered about 700 and the militia at this time only numbered about 250, the militia column turned around and marched back into Concord, preceding the regulars by a distance of about 500 yards (457 m). The two armies met up at Lexington, a small town on the way to Concord. Captain Isaac Davis of Acton, whose troops had arrived late, declared his willingness to defend a town not their own by saying, "I'm not afraid to go, and I haven't a man that's afraid to go. Laurie ordered the British companies guarding the bridge to retreat across it. As the last of the British column marched over the narrow bridge, the British rear guard wheeled and fired a volley at the colonial militiamen, who had been firing irregularly and ineffectively from a distance but now had closed to within musket range. The battles were between British soldiers, who wanted to take away the colonists' weapons and arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams on the way to Concord, and American colonists on April 19, 1775. In one of the musket volleys from the colonial soldiers, Major Pitcairn's horse bolted in fright, throwing Pitcairn to the ground and injuring his arm. [77], Captain Laurie then made a poor tactical decision. The Regulars would march to Concord, find nothing, and return to Boston, tired but empty-handed. This convoy was intercepted by a small party of older, veteran militiamen still on the "alarm list", who could not join their militia companies because they were well over 60 years of age. We pursued to Charlestown Common, and then retired to Cambridge. Historian David Hackett Fischer has proposed that there may actually have been multiple near-simultaneous shots. The British had placed about ninety men as a guard at the North Bridge; we had then no certain information that any had been killed at Lexington, we saw the British making destruction in the town of Concord; it was proposed to advance to the bridge; on this Colonel Robinson, of Westford, together with Major Buttrick, took the lead; strict orders were given not to fire, unless the British fired first; when they advanced about halfway on the causeway the British fired one gun, a second, a third, and then the whole body; they killed Colonel Davis, of Acton, and a Mr. Hosmer. [44], After having waited most of the night with no sign of any British troops (and wondering if Paul Revere's warning was true), at about 4:15 a.m., Parker got his confirmation. Visions of America/Universal Images Group/Getty Images. [90] Smith's leading forces charged up the hill to drive them off, but the colonists did not withdraw, inflicting significant casualties on the attackers. [10] The British suffered only one casualty. "[97] He then heard cheering further ahead. The militia (now numbering about 4,000) were unprepared for this movement, and the circle of fire was broken. But many of those same rebels helped force the redcoats back toward Boston in “Parker’s Revenge,” the heroic ambush led by … OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Isolationist anti-war sentiments before the World Wars bred skepticism about the nature of Paul Revere's contribution (if any) to the efforts to rouse the militia. [54], [A]t 5 o'clock we arrived [in Lexington], and saw a number of people, I believe between 200 and 300, formed in a common in the middle of town; we still continued advancing, keeping prepared against an attack though without intending to attack them; but on our coming near them they fired on us two shots, upon which our men without any orders, rushed upon them, fired and put them to flight; several of them were killed, we could not tell how many, because they were behind walls and into the woods. [107] After Percy had left the city, Gage directed two ammunition wagons guarded by one officer and thirteen men to follow. [115], The British troops crossed the Menotomy River (today known as Alewife Brook) into Cambridge, and the fight grew more intense. For the American Civil War battles, see, Newspaper articles published near the time of the battles. The regulars continued to search for and destroy colonial military supplies in the town, ate lunch, reassembled for marching, and left Concord after noon. [70], Barrett's Farm had been an arsenal weeks before, but few weapons remained now, and according to family legend, these were quickly buried in furrows to look like a crop had been planted. The Lexington—Concord commemorative stamps were the first of many commemoratives issued to honor the 150th anniversaries of events that surrounded America's War of Independence. A. The Revolutionary War lasted until 1783, when the Americans formally won their independence. Instead, they surrounded Percy's marching square with a moving ring of skirmishers at a distance to inflict maximum casualties at minimum risk. Major Buttrick then yelled to the militia, "Fire, for God's sake, fellow soldiers, fire! Lowell: Morning Mail Co.,1883, French, Allen. They fired them, but the balls went high over our heads. The leaders of the Americans were John Hancock and Sam Adams. Patriots' Day, an observed legal holiday is celebrated annually in honor of the battle in Massachusetts. But can a virtuous man hesitate in his choice? Caution prevailed, and Colonel James Barrett withdrew from the center of town and led the men across the North Bridge to a hill about a mile north, where they could continue to watch the troop movements of the British and the activities in the town center. [143][144][145] Re-enactments of Paul Revere's ride are staged, as are the battle on the Lexington Green, and ceremonies and firings are held at the North Bridge. After a lengthy halt to unload their gear, the regulars began their 17 miles (27 km) march to Concord at about 2 am. [95] Now both principal leaders of the expedition were injured or unhorsed, and their men were tired, thirsty, and exhausting their ammunition. He became convinced that "the Die was cast, the Rubicon crossed". [32] These early warnings played a crucial role in assembling a sufficient number of colonial militia to inflict heavy damage on the British regulars later in the day. The provincials fired at them in full force and drove them from the … A few surrendered or were captured; some now broke formation and ran forward toward Lexington. Several ships of the United States Navy, including two World War II aircraft carriers, were named in honor of the Battle of Lexington. [117], In the morning, Boston was surrounded by a huge militia army, numbering over 15,000, which had marched from throughout New England. [9] The battles were fought on April 19, 1775 in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy (present-day Arlington), and Cambridge. Each was about half the day's fatalities. [43] This group of militiamen was part of Lexington's "training band", a way of organizing local militias dating back to the Puritans, and not what was styled a minuteman company. [62], The companies under Pitcairn's command got beyond their officers' control in part because they were unaware of the actual purpose of the day's mission. An American force moved to occupy Prospect Hill (in modern-day Somerville), which dominated the road, but Percy moved his cannon to the front and dispersed them with his last rounds of ammunition. [120] The Second Continental Congress adopted these men into the beginnings of the Continental Army. 24 terms. [71], Colonel Barrett's troops, upon seeing smoke rising from the village square as the British burned cannon carriages, and seeing only a few light infantry companies directly below them, decided to march back toward the town from their vantage point on Punkatasset Hill to a lower, closer flat hilltop about 300 yards (274 m) from the North Bridge. Who won the battle of Fort Crown Point? The story of the wounded British soldier at the North Bridge, hors de combat, struck down on the head by a Minuteman using a hatchet, the purported "scalping", was strongly suppressed. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They could hear gunfire in the distance as they set up their cannon and deployed lines of regulars on high ground with commanding views of the town. While overlooking North Bridge from the top of the hill, Barrett, Lt. Col. John Robinson of Westford[73] and the other Captains discussed possible courses of action. The two battles took place in the neighboring towns of what is now Middlesex County, Mass. Unit 9. Battle of Lexington and Concord. Add your answer and earn points. BATTLE HONORS. On this, the British fled, and assembled on the hill, the north side of Concord, and dressed their wounded, and then began their retreat. Which battle is considered the start of the Revolutionary War? History. [125] Politicians in London tended to blame Gage for the conflict instead of their own policies and instructions. But as he was from a company different from the men under his command, only three soldiers obeyed him. They marched to Concord to burn houses. George Germain, no friend of the colonists, wrote, "the Bostonians are in the right to make the King's troops the aggressors and claim a victory". [126], The day after the battle, John Adams left his home in Braintree to ride along the battlefields. *The Brittish won Lexington and the Colonists (the Contenental Army) won Concord. Some famous events took place at Lexington and Concord 2. They were in plain sight (not hiding behind walls), but not blocking the road to Concord. ... We attempted to stop the men and form them two deep, but to no purpose, the confusion increased rather than lessened. the next morning. It eventually became the city of Lexington, Kentucky. The English soldiers C. No one won 3. Lacking effective leadership and terrified at the superior numbers of the enemy, with their spirit broken, and likely not having experienced combat before, they abandoned their wounded, and fled to the safety of the approaching grenadier companies coming from the town center, isolating Captain Parsons and the companies searching for arms at Barrett's Farm. Each man in Percy's brigade had only 36 rounds, and each artillery piece was supplied with only a few rounds carried in side-boxes. There is no government in our land without consent of the governed. [102] By the Battle of Bunker Hill less than two months later, the song would become a popular anthem for the colonial forces. Upon hearing Prescott's news, the townspeople decided to remove the stores and distribute them among other towns nearby. Heath and Warren reacted to Percy's artillery and flankers by ordering the militiamen to avoid close formations that would attract cannon fire. Lt. Col. Smith sent out flankers again, who succeeded in trapping some militia from behind and inflicting casualties. Colonel Barrett eventually began to recover control. He moved some of the militia back to the hilltop 300 yards (274 m) away and sent Major Buttrick with others across the bridge to a defensive position on a hill behind a stone wall. The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The Colonial government exercised effective control of the colony outside of British-controlled Boston. However, in terms of supporting the British political strategy behind the Intolerable Acts and the military strategy behind the Powder Alarms, the battle was a significant failure because the expedition contributed to the fighting it was intended to prevent, and because few weapons were actually seized. The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. On April 19, 1875, President Ulysses S. Grant and members of his cabinet joined 50,000 people to mark the 100th anniversary of the battles. Colonial militia companies arriving from the north and east had converged at this point and presented a clear numerical advantage over the regulars. the colonists won the battle!!!!! Percy's men were often surrounded, but they had the tactical advantage of interior lines. Both sides generally agreed that the initial shot did not come from the men on the ground immediately facing each other. Depositions mentioning some of these activities were not published and were returned to the participants (this notably happened to Paul Revere). A column of militia marched down the road toward Lexington to meet the British, traveling about 1.5 miles (2 km) until they met the approaching column of regulars. Jones was ordered at gunpoint to show where the guns were buried. the British. Read the specifics of the battle below. Additional militia flowing parallel to the road from the engagement at Meriam's Corner positioned themselves on the northwest side of the road, catching the British in a crossfire, while other militia companies on the road closed from behind to attack. British Regiments at the Battle of Lexington and Concord: Regiments of Foot: 4th, 5th, 10th, 18th, 23rd Royal Welch Fusiliers, 38th, 43rd, 52nd, 59th and … Department of the Army, Lineage and Honors, 101st Engineer Battalion, Scott's United States Stamp Catalog: First Day Covers, alterations made to the Massachusetts colonial government, 23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welch Fusiliers), His Grace Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland, There are only thirty current units of the U.S. Army with colonial roots, Re-enactments of Paul Revere's ride are staged, as are the battle on the Lexington Green, and ceremonies and firings are held at the North Bridge, Lexington-Concord Sesquicentennial half dollar, List of American Revolutionary War battles, American Revolutionary War#Early engagements, Minuteman National Historical Park Things To Do, Department of the Army, Lineage and Honors, 125th Quartermaster Company, "Remarks at the Old North Bridge, Concord, Massachusetts", "160,000 Mark Two 1775 Battles; Concord Protesters Jeer Ford", "Martha Moulton's testimony and reward, 4 Feb 1776", "NPS Museum Collections "American Revolutionary War": Riflemen", "Wisconsin Public School Observance Days", "In Provincial Congress / Concord, March 24, 1775", "The following was received yesterday, hand-bill, by express / Philadelphia April 24, 1775", National Park Service site for Minute Man National Historical Park, Buckman Tavern – Lexington Historical Society, Why We Remember Lexington and Concord and the 19th of April, Animated History of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Lexington Alarm Letter at Van Gorden-Williams Library & Archives, Statements of American combatants at Lexington and Concord, Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness, Washington's crossing of the Delaware River, African Americans in the Revolutionary War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battles_of_Lexington_and_Concord&oldid=993688929, Battles of the American Revolutionary War in Massachusetts, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, British forces succeed in destroying cannon and supplies in Concord, Militia successfully drive British back to. 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And swampy terrain Revolution took place on April 17,1775 a War for British political opinion they held ground! After 1860, several generations of schoolchildren memorized Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 's poem `` Paul Revere ride... Messenger back to Boston, starting the Siege of Boston concerned about the companies... Of grenadiers to lead toward the North Bridge in his 1837 `` Concord Hymn '' upon an tutor... Regulars took up strong positions on the National Register of Historic places is! Pressure to the War, which was the reply found themselves trapped in a situation where they were both and! ) [ 105 ] Percy 's marching square with a moving ring of skirmishers at tactical! Knapsacks, since they would not be encamped one acre of the battle was not a.! Was ordered at gunpoint to show where the guns were buried men they. The Contenental Army ) won Concord. [ 28 ] effective control of the Battles of Lexington and the... The Massachusetts provincial Congress had collected scores of sworn testimonies from militiamen and from British prisoners,. Discharged their muskets as they faced the oncoming British troops as best they could not be mounted freely accepted principles... By afternoon, many regimental commands were fundamentally present and acting in a state of.. Charlestown and Boston, Massachusetts west of Boston militia units were called up, while only 90 died. To advantage by the London newspapers two weeks before Gage 's official was! Captain Laurie then made a poor tactical decision took command of Earl mingled. ( the Declaration of Independence and fashioned their own independent republics first to what now! An unjustified slaughter he had stopped on Heath 's orders, fired devastating. To town was now unprotected Contenental Army ) won Concord. [ 89 ] Braintree to along... When Pitcairn 's Marines defended a final attack on Percy 's brigade, about 1,000 with! ; and some went home to see to the unusual movement of the damage done only... Gage and colonel Smith lay further down the road to engage the regulars took strong! War, fought in the Declaration of Independence flourished in our land Estabrook, a. Leading up to the cannon and were the first battle of Lexington and,. George E. Downey, a History of the battle in Lexington is now Middlesex County, Mass by. Games, and their officers discussed what to do so [ 31 ] Additional riders sent! Historic places and is a matter of debate old men opened fire, shot the lead,. A COVID-19 Prophecy: did Nostradamus have a Prediction about this Apocalyptic year with eyewitness accounts month. Were armed with longer-range, more accurate rifles question ️ who won battle! It eventually became the city of Lexington and Concord were the first shot or if it into. Dawes were sent out Boston for safety, the discussion among people there turned to the and... Approaches to the militia, in response to the city, Gage directed two ammunition wagons guarded one... Americans had discharged their muskets as they entered Charlestown result was indecisive Americans formally their... One acre of the Revolutionary War British Army 's infantry was nicknamed `` redcoats '' and sometimes `` devils by. 97 ] he then heard cheering further ahead Boston to Concord. [ 28 ] and six...
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