The fruit ripens 7-9 months after bloom. (RPS.com). (worldagroforestrycentre.org). Snake fruit peel is normally discarded as waste. The post-harvest technology has not yet been developed. Image Text: Dr. Andrew J. Henderson. Roots can reach a length of 2 metres but do not extend to a great depth. In mixed smallholder orchards and home gardens, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is practised. The temperature range required is 22-32 deg. Leaves 3-7 m long, pinnate; spines flat, linear-triangular, almost perpendicular to the leaf-sheaths, some pointing downwards; leaflets 60-75 cm x 6-8 cm. Handling after harvest: The infructescence stalk with several clusters of fruits may be stored and sold, or the clusters are separated and handled as such. A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The fruit of the Salacca wallichiana , a native of South East Asia. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas.[1][2]. The taste of the fruit is somewhat musty, and somewhere in between dried bananas, jackfruit, and preserved dates. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Dry weather is needed for good fruit set; spadices emerging in the rainy season tend to rot and the viability of the pollen is poor. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. A dioecious, creeping and tillering palm, growing in clumps with very spiny leaves. Healthy food background. Save. Fruits of salak x 'Sakum' were 100% seedless but very astringent. The sala cultivars do not grow as large as the rakum types, e.g. Husbandry: In a pure stand weeding is one of the main tasks during the first 1-3 years. Stem sections of 1-2 m length, taken from ageing, high-quality clones, are buried in the soil and covered with mulching material, e.g. The country's production was estimated at 500-1000 t in 1988, the bulk being the inferior type of fruit gathered from the forest. This means that good growers could obtain US$ 100-130 per palm per year. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Salacca components were methyl 3-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoate wallichiana is one of the species of the genus Salacca (25.0%) and methyl (E)-3-methylpent-2-enoate (23.4%)7. which is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, The snake fruit (S. edulis Reinw) Pondoh afforded methyl and Vietnam2. Photo by Geoff Stein. Its fruit has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor. Someone may be germinating Salacca seeds from HI in a conservatory in SO CAL or importing seedlings from HI en masse to sell locally. This exotic fruit has diverse and potential pharmacological properties due to its high antioxidant content. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. The fruit grow in clusters at the base of the plants, and are edible in many species, with a reddish-brown scaly skin covering a white pulp and one to two large inedible seeds. The following crosses were made in 1985: salak x 'Sakum', sala x 'Sakum', sala x rakum, 'Sakum' x sala and sala selfed. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salacca&oldid=905396228, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 July 2019, at 21:10. Synonym: Salacca zalaca. The origin of the rakum palm is not clear, but it is found in the lowlands of southern Burma, south of 19 deg. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas. Salacca affinis Griff.. ENGLISH : Edible-fruited salak palm , Palm heart (vegetable). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. Also called the snake fruit due to the beautiful pattern on the fruit, this is a tropical palm from Bali in Indonesia. Near Trang, Thailand. Six to seven per cent male palms are considered sufficient for good pollination. led to the isolation of monogalactosyl diacylglycerols ( 1 ), β-sitosteryl-3β-glucopyranoside-6 - O -fatty acid esters ( 2 ), β-sitosterol ( 3 ) and triacylglycerols ( 4 ) from They are very short-stemmed palms, with leaves up to 6–8 m long. It is often consumed due to its sweet taste. In its natural habitat and in mixed orchards rakum is commonly found under shade. Thailand. The sour unripe fruit can be a substitute for lime in cooking, whereas the ripe fruit is sweet and consumed raw. After about 5-6 years the palm starts flowering. Farmers control the damage by covering the large infructescence with chicken wire. The brittle thin skin is removed to reveal yellow/white flesh which has flavours reminiscent of Granny Smith apple, strawberry and pineapple. Salacca wallichiana is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, and Vietnam. Pests: A fruit-eating worm is also found. The area planted with the inferior rakum forms has never been recorded. We have a mature one at Leu Gardens in Orlando. Selection in the rakum palms has given rise to the sala group of cultivars of superior quality. Seeds usually 3 per fruit, with 2-8 mm thick, fleshy, cream-coloured sarcotesta and a smooth, stony inner part, 23-29 mm x 15-27 mm, which is blackish-brown and trigonous with 2 flat surfaces and a curved one; endosperm homogeneous and white. At this age the sugar content is 13-14 deg. The fruit is sold and consumed locally, mainly fresh. This page has been accessed 11,580 times. Seeds for sale starting at € 7.80. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. Brix. 2008. The flesh of 10-19-week-old fruits is off-white and turns to light yellow when the fruits are 20-22 weeks old; as the fruit grows it gradually assumes a more yellow-orange colour. Breeding: Breeding work began in 1985. The colour changes to yellow at 20-23 weeks of age and to brown thereafter while the contents harden. The soil is kept moist to force viable buds on the cuttings to sprout. English name: Snakeskin fruit, snake fruit.. Other names: Sala, salak, yingan. The genus Salacca is known as “ salak ” in Bahasa, “ snake fruit ” in English, and “ sala ” in Thai. user14908974. (Geoff Stein), A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. Snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw.) The taste of the luk rakam is also more watery.". 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