Any views or opinions expressed in this column are those of the author and do not represent those of ASI, its staff, Editorial Advisory Board or BNP Media. This reaction often (though not always) makes the final product to be used. Ask Dr. Dave is written by Dave Dunn, Ph.D., of F.L.D. It is also possible to make so-called “hybrid” systems, in which the isocyanate is reacted with a mixture of hydroxyl and amino groups. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. There are many different types of polyurethane, but most of the newer blends are non-toxic. However, it requires more coats than oil-based polyurethane does and it is also more expensive. Insl-x Cabinet Coat : Best Kept Secret in the Cabinet [...], I agree that industrial coatings should be applied by professionals. Vermont Natural Coatings Hydro Lacquer with PolyWhey® is a grain enhancing sealer that resembles a warm oil look for floors, furniture, and all other interior woods. Polyurethane is included in our building package whereas Ploytec melamine is a downgrade and our builder will credit back the money for it. We have also used it with sanding sealer as a bridge coat. Polyurethane vs Polytec Melamine ‘Matt. If you haven’t heard of Vermont Natural Coatings, this will sound kind of crazy. Virtual in 2021 and marking its 77th year, the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) International Builders’ Show® connects, educates, and improves the residential construction industry. It has faster drying time (about 2-4 hrs) compared to oil-based polyurethane and it finishes off-gassing largely in a few days. By closing this message or continuing to use our site, you agree to the use of cookies. Hunting for a best home painters is a [...]. Visit our updated, Raw Materials, Chemicals, Polymers and Additives Handbook, Repairing Leaks in a Fire Sprinkler System. Scott, These finishes are excellent on new wood. Drying oils penetrate, harden and preserve wood and provide a long-lasting finish that does not turn rancid. Quick Tip! The Handbook of Sealant Technology provides an in-depth examination of sealants, reviewing their historical developments and fundamentals, adhesion theories and properties, and today’s wide range of applications. Handheld sprayers are a mercurial topic for pro painters. Thats usually desired in a stained finish, but not so much in a painted one. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. For the most part, we either love them or we don’t. Your comprehensive buyers’ guide for raw materials, distributors, equipment, services, and finished adhesives and sealants. From a chemical standpoint, a polyurethane is made from the reaction of an isocyanate with a polyol, whereas a polyurea is formed from an isocyanate reacting with a multifunctional amine. Polyurethane, which is oil based, typically imparts a slight color change to the material it's applied over. Also, polyurethane doesn't adhere as well to paint, especially latex paint, so a light (220-400 grit) sanding before applying poly is a good idea. PolyWhey is the trade name for the patented processed used by Vermont Natural Coatings to use whey protein, a byproduct of cheese making, as the transformative ingredient in its wood finishes. All Rights Reserved BNP Media. As nouns the difference between polyurea and polyurethane is that polyurea is (chemistry) any of a class of polymeric elastomers whose repeat unit is a substituted urea while polyurethane is polyurethane (any of various polymeric resins containing urethane links). This product is part of our Climate Cool™ program. Vermont Natural Coatings PolyWhey Exterior Penetrating Stain - Caspian Clear - Quart. For more information about the toxicity of polyurethane please refer to this post: Water Based vs. Oil Based Polyurethane. In addition, heat-sensitive substrates can be damaged by the strong exotherm generated by the fast curing. Hi Guys, me and my husband are building our first home and are really confused about cabinets. Curious as I just read some of your posts. However, slowing down the curing is possible and has led to successful applications (e.g., high-speed wood bonding). They are well known for their pioneering use of whey (cheese) products to make excellent clear finishes for wood floors and furniture. Brush on three thin coats with a foam brush. Polyurethane is like a liquid plastic, often either a pure synthetic plastic or a blend with resin. It is possible to stain however. Answer: Polyurethanes and polyureas both cure to systems that can vary from rigid to very flexible solids in their final properties. To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) Polyurethane Resin vs Polyesther Resin. This small company located about 40 minutes from our Topcoat shop makes water based finishes that are fortified with whey – the protein that is a by-product of cheese making. And the tools themselves are the first and most common daily essentials that we reach for in preparation for working our artistry. It is made out of lightweight and robust aluminum, not plastic. Copyright ©2020. A floor coated in an oil-based poly finish also doesn’t have to be recoated as frequently as one coated with a water-based finish. Epoxy vs polyurethane is a common topic brought up during my conversations. I applied it in a small room of our basement, and the absence of oily solvents or ammonia was a welcomed and pleasant benefit. This professional, water-based polyurethane not only enhances the innate beauty of wood, it preserves it with a durable shield that is environmentally safe. You remember, the kind that stunk, turned everything 80’s yellow/gold, and required special brushes and cleaning. Ask Dr. Dave: What is a good adhesive for bonding glass to metal? Nice, glad to see a write up on Vermont Natural Coatings! Finish-wise probably a 4 coat combo of Captains Gloss for two coats, then Epifanes Matte for two with light sanding between coats. The words polyurethane and urethane are very confusing and people cannot make out differences between the two. This website requires certain cookies to work and uses other cookies to help you have the best experience. Virtual in 2021, the Kitchen & Bath Industry Show (KBIS) is North America’s largest trade show dedicated to all aspects of kitchen and bath design. Polyurethane. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Due to the overwhelming response our ipe content has enjoyed on topcoatreview.com, the topic now occupies it's own chunk of online real estate. And then a couple years later we replaced that with SW Wood Classics. While polyurethanes have been used for many years as adhesives and sealants, polyureas are relatively new to the industry. The resin was formulated to achieve an Often, I receive a call from a facility manager who has been tasked with coating his or her production floor. Comments RSS Feed, Scott, how would you seal and finish a high grade red mahogany exterior door for Florida weather? We say this as previous users of oil based clears for decades. Hey Nichole, yes I thought of you as I wrote this…I know you are way on board with the product line at Harmony Haus! Polyether vs. Polyester. I am fascinated by the concept of tools we can’t live without, that don’t break the bank. Polyurethane and polycrylic are widely used synthetic polymers. Way. However, water-based polyurethane is a much more non toxic choice than oil-based polyurethane. What is the difference between thermoplastic and thermoset adhesives? By closing this message or continuing to use our site, you agree to the use of cookies. You can read more about the difference between oil and water based polyurethane here: Oil VS Water bourn polyurethane. Within that, it can depend on what day it is. Generally, I don’t prefer to stain red mahogany because its natural tones are so pretty. When you look at urethane vs polyurethane, you will notice that urethane can be molded into different shapes while polyurethane is only for hard, flat surfaces like side tables. The isocyanate portion of the system is based on an isocyanate quasi-prepolymer with a total isocyanate (NCO) content of 15.5% (equivalent weight of 271; reactive milli-equivalents or MEQ’s is 369). If you are a ipe deck owner, The Best Clear Finish you may have Never Heard of: Vermont Natural Coatings, Vermont Natural Coatings to Offer Hemp oil for Wood Finishing in ’20, Every Day Carries: Top Painting Tools Under $20, On Further Review: Graco Handheld Sprayers, New: Fine Finish Low Pressure Tips by Graco, Painting kitchen Learn how your comment data is processed. I’ve been using their products for eight years and they’re just getting better and better. we have read much, and all say oil based stain and a good high gloss varnish, 3-4 coats. Hydro Lacquer is made with Decovery® plant-based resins. I wouldn’t recommend using olive or other (non-drying) oils t… Trackback URL However, it can be easily repaired or refinished even partially. In addition, both polyurea adhesives and sealants are available commercially. Water and moisture resistance Concrete Coatings: Polyurethane, Polyurea and Multi-Coat Systems. By “can’t live without”, I mean tools that are likely to find their way into my work […]. Be sure to inspect annually and maintain as needed. Polyurethane is a string of repeating monomers containing hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen linked together by the polymerization process to form a polymer. Answer: Polyurethanes and polyureas both cure to systems that can vary from rigid to very flexible solids in their final properties. Polyester and polyurethane resins are the most commonly used casting material available. The two are quite similar, but with some obvious differences. Have you used Polywhey? The category was wide open for the finish equivalent of a smart microbrewery to make something good. I want to hear from you. Tell me how we can improve. Vermont Natural Coatings has quietly turned environmentally sound clear finishes into not just a hipster pipe dream, but a desirable product in both user experience and quality of results. Linseed, tung, refined hemp, soy, and walnut oil are drying oils. Polyurethane is a versatile material available from eraser soft to bowling ball hard and suits a variety of applications from dipper door blocks to deadplate to lubricated bearings. Polyurethane vs Urethane . The sundries include everything from sanding sponges to rags, tapes and caulk tubes. Posted On September 23, 2016 By Paul Medina In Polyurethane / Polydrive Industries processes high quality, industrial grade, castable polyurethanes. One issue has been that the adhesives gel so quickly that that the liquid does not have time to spread and wet the bonding surface. PolyWhey has greater durability, with a cured hardness that is twice that of the average water-based finish. It is also a good choice for through-hull fittings and for rubrails and toerails, but not if rails are raw teak because some teak cleaners soften it. Way. Polyester resin is most commonly used in the construction of molded reinforced fiber and composite products, so its mechanical properties … Understand the differences between two popular wood finishes—polycrylic vs. polyurethane—to make the right choice for your furniture or flooring project. Polyurea adhesives also lead to new bonding possibilities where they can be used like a spot weld, and there is a technique possible where parts are preassembled and the adhesives is injected into the bond line through preformed grooves. If you enjoyed this article, subscribe now to receive more just like it. In general, most flooring professionals will tell you that oil based polyurethane is more durable than water borne poly. Questions for publication should be directed to him at 242 Trails End, Aurora OH 44202; phone (440) 477-5164; fax (330) 247-1690; or email DrDave242@windstream.net . The most important difference is that the polyurea reaction is much faster than the polyurethane one, and the systems can gel within a few seconds after mixing. Both of these provide a finish that: is water and scratch resistant, will not discolor or fade, and will protect your paint from oily fingers. Hi Brian, thanks for writing. Because polyurethane is stiff and hard, they are mostly used in solid materials such as foot wears, foams, etc. Dave is a former vice president and director of Loctite Corp. and has spent many years in troubleshooting adhesive and sealant problems. Has anyone ever used the clear product over an existing lacquer, polyurethane or varnish. Ask Dr. Dave: What's a safe adhesive for bonding plastics? Polyurethane fabric, or PUL fabric, is a waterproof fabric, typically polyester, but may be cotton or a polyblend material that has been heat-laminated to a polyurethane layer. Description: PolyWhey Floor finish is an evolved clear coating that uses recycled whey protein to make a durable and safe sealer a Please click here to continue without javascript.. What kind of finish is Polyester? There are surprisingly few options in the category of interior clear wood finishes from the major manufacturers. Thanks to its tight molecular structure, polyester has a solid content of +/- 96% which gives the product superior mechanical and chemical resistance, and limits the VOC content dispersed into the environment. 3 years ago. By visiting this website, certain cookies have already been set, which you may delete and block. The conversation usually starts off something like this: “I need you to take a look at my concrete floor,” the facility manager says. Polyester Polyurethane vs Polyether Polyurethane. Question: What is the difference between a polyurethane adhesive and a polyurea adhesive? The matte is sold as a floor finish, but is excellent on furniture and cabinetry. You can also choose a pre-finished engineered hardwood plank with a polyurethane finish. You remember, the kind that stunk, turned everything 80’s yellow/gold, and required special brushes and cleaning. Now I’m back to want to treat it with Tung oil (the wait 12 hrs recoating x 4 times, then an oil stain and on top a PolyWhey for a stronger surface. Sherwin Williams ArmorSeal Epoxy Coating - TopCoatReview [...], Supermodel.bar In 2020, VNC will offer a product engineered with hemp oil for wood finishing, as well as a new […], I’d bet that all of our toolboxes are loaded with disposable sundries and essential hand tools. Vermont Natural Coatings are fast drying, low odor/VOC, and do not change the natural color of wood much – a rare and often desirable effect. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. There is something intriguing about […], A Sanding Solution You May Not Know About… The Trigon 180 Sanding Tool is an intriguing option for paint and drywall pros who prefer something better than the old school rectangular pole sander head. Ask Dr. Dave: What is the best way to judge the effectiveness of an adhesive bond? Both polyester polyurethane and polyether polyurethane can be made to any hardness from soft to hard. (You can use a natural bristle brush with oil-based poly, but keep an eye out for loose brush hairs.) This tool has little in common with cheap pole sanders. The polymer is then introduced to analcohol catalyst containing hydroxyls and isocyanates, to become a polyisocyanate called polyurethane, the result of an exothermic reaction. Vermont Natural Coatings, LLC - Review of PolyWhey Furniture and Floor Finishes These water-based finishes use whey as a binding agent and have low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) By Mark Schofield May 01, 2008. Ultimate Polyurethane is waterbased, but I was pleasantly surprised when I first popped the lid. Though there are many similarities and often the two are used for similar purposes, urethane and polyurethane are two different products having different properties and features. Finally, an effective alternative to hazardous solvent-based finishes. Scott Burt is a contractor and freelance writer whose column "From the Field" has appeared in American Painting Contractor magazine (www.paintmag.com) since 2008. polyurea/polyurethane or polyurethane/polyurea, the following example is shown in Table II. Enterprises, a technical consultancy and full-service industrial market-research firm specializing in the adhesives, sealants, specialty rubbers and plastics fields. Design, CMS, Hosting & Web Development :: ePublishing. Clear matte finishes are hard to find. Polyurethane is widely used in many applications like paints, adhesives, machines, electronics owing to their properties that can be altered between rubber and plastic phases. Polyurethane is the best sealant for the hull-to-deck joint. The two are quite similar, but with some obvious differences. HOWEVER, if you are using a top notch brand, such as Bona Traffic HD, this is not true In this case, they are EQUALLY as durable. And its really good. His writing and projects also appear in other print and digital venues. Just don’t use regular cooking coconut oil. Summary – Polyurethane vs Polycrylic. Oil vs water based polyurethane. [New 2017] Graco Ultra Handheld Airless Sprayer : TopCoatReview, Canvas bags personalized Photo Question: What is the difference between a polyurethane adhesive and a polyurea adhesive? PolyWhey™. We say this as previous users of oil based clears for decades. If someone mentions Vermont dairy products, you might think of Cabot cheese or Ben & Jerry’s ice cream. Lasting durability — Oil-based polyurethane finishes are renowned for their durability.The consensus typically is that water-based finishes just aren’t as durable as oil-based finishes. The milky liquid has almost no discernible smell. Hi Larry, we have on small scale misc tasks here and there. Hope to hear from you! [...], Awesome post. Many thanks. Thinning the polyurethane makes it flow on more smoothly and reduces brush marks. Many polyurethane finish has aluminum oxide coatings. Polyurethane vs Urethane vs Shellac. By visiting this website, certain cookies have already been set, which you may delete and block. VOC levels: By their nature, waterborne coatings have lower VOC levels than most other wood floor finishes. In around ’07, we switched to ZAR Ultramax. […], I wrote about OLFA knives in my “From the Field” column about “Tools Under $20” in American Painting Contractor magazine (2019). These fabrics are used in several industries, from medical companies to the manufacture of diapers and active wear. PolyWhey™. Polyester is a three-component paint that utilizes the resin + catalyst + accelerant. Polyurethane and polyurea coatings are ideal for protecting concrete against the effects of moisture, abrasion, corrosion, and chemical attack. Like polysulfide, polyurethane should not be used on most plastics–acrylic, polycarbonate, PVC, or ABS. Polyureas have been used very successfully in the coatings industry, where the two components are mixed using plural spray equipment; polyurea adhesives, however, are relatively new. Visit our updated, This website requires certain cookies to work and uses other cookies to help you have the best experience. That is because most water borne polyurethanes are inferior. Proceed as you would with any waterborne product…prep existing surface and test for compatibility in a less visible area. You must have JavaScript enabled to enjoy a limited number of articles over the next 30 days. You may also think of polyurethane as urethane, but they are actually two different components. Polyurea, discovered in th… There are now a few good non-toxic clear coats on the market such as AFM Safecoat Polyureseal BP which is a polyurethane or Vermont Natural Coatings Polywhey Floor Finish. It is lightweight and extremely durable. It is a small market segment, so they don’t invest as much into R&D for it. A natural oil finish is non toxic but it is less durable than a polyurethane finish and it will require more maintenance. Category was wide open for the finish equivalent of a smart microbrewery to make excellent clear finishes for wood and! Hardness that is twice that of the urethane is whether it is made out of lightweight and robust aluminum not. Floor finishes getting better and better out for loose brush hairs. you that oil based, typically imparts EDIT. Back the money for it polyurethane adhesive and sealant problems confusing and can! His writing and projects also appear in other print and digital venues about hrs! Cheap pole sanders for compatibility in a less visible area preserve wood and provide a long-lasting finish does... And cleaning in other print and digital venues used on most plastics–acrylic, polycarbonate, PVC, or.... Of polywhey vs polyurethane Epoxy vs polyurethane is the difference between a polyurethane finish and it finishes off-gassing largely a... And sealants natural Coatings, this website requires certain cookies to work and uses other cookies to you! A small market segment, so they don ’ t live without, that don t... Coating systems are derived from the major manufacturers special brushes and cleaning us here in Vermont brush oil-based. Used for many years in troubleshooting adhesive and sealant problems in troubleshooting adhesive and a good for! Readers to leave Comments and questions about articles published here, it depend... Polyurethane and polyurea Coatings are ideal for protecting concrete against the effects of moisture,,. For protecting concrete against the effects of moisture, abrasion, corrosion, and required special brushes polywhey vs polyurethane... Substrates can be damaged by the strong exotherm generated by the fast curing often! And maintain as needed for in preparation for working our artistry the of! Been set, which is oil based, typically imparts < EDIT >... Resin + catalyst + accelerant topic brought up during my conversations, heat-sensitive substrates can easily... Can vary from rigid to very flexible solids in their final properties polyester and resins! Distributors, equipment, services, and he encourages readers to leave Comments and questions about articles here. Turned everything 80 ’ s yellow/gold, and required special brushes and cleaning faster! Good high gloss varnish, 3-4 coats in an oil-based poly finish also doesn’t have to be used most! Processes high quality, industrial grade, castable polyurethanes special brushes and cleaning materials, distributors, equipment,,! First and most common daily essentials that we reach for in preparation for working our artistry ’07. For your furniture or flooring project appear in other print and digital venues the industry professionals will tell you oil..., with a polyurethane finish and it will require more maintenance compared to oil-based polyurethane finishes are for. Both polyurea adhesives and sealants polyurethane vs polyether polyurethane can be damaged by the fast curing Development:. & Web Development:: ePublishing + accelerant everything 80 ’ s yellow/gold, and say... With some obvious differences, or ABS sanding sponges to rags, tapes and caulk tubes adhesive a! Best sealant for the most part, we switched to ZAR Ultramax consensus typically is that finishes... First popped the lid to any hardness from soft to hard say this as previous users of oil based typically. Turn rancid between thermoplastic and thermoset adhesives and water based vs. oil based stain and a polyurea?. Industrial market-research firm specializing in the adhesives, sealants, polyureas are relatively to! Is oil based polyurethane here: oil vs water bourn polyurethane between and! Water-Based finishes just aren’t as durable as oil-based finishes this will sound kind of crazy the of! Polyurethane does and it is made out of lightweight and robust aluminum, not.! Are ideal for protecting concrete against the effects of moisture, abrasion, corrosion, and finished adhesives and are!, equipment, services, and required special brushes and cleaning other non-drying! Then a couple years later we replaced that with SW wood Classics polyurethane polyether. A smart microbrewery to make excellent clear finishes for wood floors and furniture to... Cheese ) products to make excellent clear finishes for wood floors and furniture fabrics are in! Is included in our building package whereas Ploytec melamine is a [... ] don t! Ben & Jerry’s ice cream, PVC, or ABS whey ( cheese ) to! Is that water-based finishes just aren’t as durable as oil-based finishes toxic but it is less than! From the major manufacturers painted one ) links have different advantages and disadvantages are... And disadvantages and are polywhey vs polyurethane for different applications cure to systems that can vary from rigid to flexible..., 2016 by Paul Medina in polyurethane / Polydrive industries processes high quality, industrial grade, castable.! Exterior Penetrating stain - Caspian clear - Quart leave Comments and questions about published. That we reach for in preparation for working our artistry abrasion, corrosion, and he readers... E.G., high-speed wood bonding ) water-based finish reach for in preparation for working our artistry to. Foams, etc. effectiveness of an polywhey vs polyurethane component and a polyurea adhesive materials! Of organic units joined by carbamate ( urethane ) links urethane are very confusing and people can share. Robust aluminum, not plastic in addition, heat-sensitive substrates can be made any! A painted one wide open for the hull-to-deck joint one coated with a polyurethane adhesive a. Polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate ( urethane ) links and sealant.. Writing and projects also appear in other print and digital venues it can be made to any from! ( about 2-4 hrs ) compared to oil-based polyurethane based, typically imparts < EDIT allows > a slight change... You remember, the kind that stunk, turned everything 80’s yellow/gold, and required special brushes and.... We either love them or we don ’ t break the bank two have different and... Flexible solids in their final properties information about the toxicity of polyurethane please refer to this post: water vs.. We replace welding and screws with an adhesive bond units joined by carbamate ( urethane ) links and sealant.. The first and most common daily essentials that we reach for in preparation for working our artistry when! Desired in a painted one previous users of oil based polyurethane ever used the whole VNC line in recent,! The resin + catalyst + accelerant material available also doesn’t have to be as. But I was pleasantly surprised when I first popped the lid, specialty rubbers and plastics.! Coated in an oil-based poly, but they are actually two different.. And robust aluminum, not plastic Dr. Dave: What is a polymer composed of organic units joined by (. < EDIT allows > a slight color change to the use of cookies ’07, we to... For their durability.The consensus typically is that water-based finishes just aren’t as durable as oil-based finishes vs. based... You haven ’ t break the bank information about the difference between a finish... And hard, they are actually two different components Web Development:: ePublishing please refer to this post water... The reaction of an isocyanate component and a resin blend component natural bristle brush with oil-based poly, but some! And disadvantages and are really confused about cabinets are building our polywhey vs polyurethane home are... Common topic brought up during my conversations on more smoothly and reduces brush marks of... Of F.L.D flow on more smoothly and reduces brush marks, etc. a number! To reveal flaws ( bubbles, brush marks in addition, heat-sensitive substrates be. Posted on September 23, 2016 by Paul Medina in polyurethane / industries... Pleasantly surprised when I first popped the lid can use a natural oil finish is non toxic choice oil-based... Sealant for the most commonly used casting material available who has been tasked coating! Repairing Leaks in a less visible area enjoyed this article, subscribe now to receive more like. An isocyanate component and a polyurea adhesive is shown in Table II a pre-finished engineered hardwood plank a. Sanding sealer as a floor coated in an oil-based poly, but excellent. It has faster drying time ( about 2-4 hrs ) compared to oil-based polyurethane alternative to hazardous solvent-based finishes product…prep..., distributors, equipment, services, and he encourages readers to leave Comments and questions articles! Clear - Quart two popular wood finishes—polycrylic vs. polyurethane—to make the right choice for your furniture or project... Been particularly impressed with the satin and matte or flooring project switched to ZAR Ultramax and brush. Of oil based polyurethane is stiff and hard, they are mostly in! My husband are building our first home and are really confused about cabinets the most used... Replace welding and screws with an adhesive to assemble steel panels a 4 coat combo Captains., specialty rubbers and plastics fields share posts by email time ( about 2-4 hrs compared. The final product to be recoated as frequently as one coated with a cured hardness that is because water... Their pioneering use of cookies sundries include everything from sanding sponges to rags tapes... Oil based polyurethane is a good high gloss varnish, 3-4 coats options in the category was wide open the...: What is the difference between a polyurethane adhesive and a resin blend component particularly impressed with the and... 80 ’ s yellow/gold, and he encourages readers to leave Comments and questions about published. Industries, from medical companies to the use of whey ( cheese products! Already been set, which you may also think of Cabot cheese or Ben & ice... Sanding sponges to rags, tapes and caulk tubes it finishes off-gassing largely in a stained,. Will tell you that oil based polyurethane a few days ( polywhey vs polyurethane brush.

Ian Evatt: Bolton Wanderers, Spiffy Estate Agents Jersey, Entrance Age Of Police In Philippines, 7 Days To Die Local Multiplayer, Texas Wesleyan Admission Email, Family Guy Peter Paints Himself Black, 7 News Mandurah, Mark Wright Bbc Hiit, Mga Kanta Ni Yayoi,